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Lecture 16

POL 1101 Lecture Notes - Lecture 16: Transnationalism, Multiple Citizenship


Department
Political Science
Course Code
POL 1101
Professor
Andre Lecours
Lecture
16

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Citizenship
Citizenship – a legal status bestowed to individuals who belong to a political community.
Came with the rise of democracy and the notion of popular sovereignty.
Before citizenship, people were subjects.
oHad no rights.
Citizenship entails rights and responsibilities.
Defines the relationship b/w the state and the citizen.
Determines the conditions of inclusion and exclusion in a specific political community.
Rights and Responsibilities
Rights:
oFound in liberal democratic countries.
oThere are three types.
1. Civil Rights – protection against the state through individual freedoms.
2. Political Rights – to vote and participate in gov’t.
EX: Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms
3. Social Rights – the right to minimal support from the state.
EX: Welfare
Responsibilities:
oTo obey the law.
oPay taxes.
oCompulsory military service.
oActive participation in public life.
National Identity
Mechanism of inclusion and exclusion.
Citizens vs. Foreigners
oCanada = permanent resident.
oEurope = foreigners.
Foreigners are treated differently than citizens.
oEX: Welfare state access.
Close connections to the nations.
oThe way the national identity is defined.
Some citizenship is easier to get than others.
oDiffer from country to country.
oLength of time living in the county.
oSwear that you will respect the laws and rules of the state.
oCivic Citizenship France
Easier to get.
oDecent Citizenship - Germany
More difficult.
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