What is Globalization
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-Globalization is a multi-dimensional phenomenon because it crosses space and time.
-Humanity, since its beginning, mankind has spread from its point of origin through many significant
factors: circulation, distribution, flows of information/ ideas/ goods/ services, influence, invasion and
-Societies were built and would rather occupy a territory (sedentary) or relocate to another territory
from time to time (nomadic).
-Nowadays, most societies are sedentary.
Six Moments of History
-Linking of different societies around the world (Co-Habitation).
-The forcible incorporation into an empire (Colonization).
-The establishment of a global trade zone (Mercantilism).
-The victorious resistance of the states.
-Acceleration, Globalization (Irreversibility?)
-World-society as a Challenge (Cosmopolitization/ Universalization).
Various Definitions of Globalization
-David Held, Anthony McGrew, David Goldblatt and Jonathan Perraton: A process that embodies
a transformation in the spatial organization of social relations and transactions, generating interregional
flows of power, networks of activity and interaction.
-Frederic Jameson: Sense of immense enlargement of communications as well as the horizon of
global markets, both of which seem far more tangible and immediate than in early stages of modernity.
-James Mittelman: Globalization compresses the spatial and temporal aspects of social relations.
-Roland Robertson: A concept that refers both to the compression of the world and intensification of
consciousness of the world as a whole.
-Jan Aart Scholte: Equivalent to a disassociation with land (deterritorialization) or rather the growth
of supra-territorial relations between people.
-Manfred B. Steger: A set of social processes that create, expand, stretch and multiply social relations,
activities and interdependencies. Where the local and the global intermingle messily with the national
and regional in new horizontal scales.
-Dollfus: 1) Establishment of informational societies based on the development of networks.
2) Standardization of the economic logic: Everything as a commodiy.
3) World as a unit from an ecosystemic perspective.
Globalization has more of an economic focus (how we produce, exchange, consume, etc.) than a
political focus (distribution of resources).
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