Patriot Rebellion and its aftermath
It was a fight for responsible government
o Had own parliament but laws weren't being followed.
A lot of the leaders are anglophone. It isn't just about anglophone vs francophone
A number of people are hung, and a large number of others are sent to Australia.
The Durham Report will profoundly change the nationalism of Quebec
o Durham wants assimilation
o Objective of the french in North America is to survive as their own people, with
language, culture, religion.
The tool to survive is to have a lot of children. The Revenge of the Cradle.
The Catholic Church became the main institution of French Canada; told
women it was their patriotic duty to have a lot of children.
French Canadian Nationalism
o More liberal that the other men
o Defends the church but more similar to what is happening in Ireland (critical of
o Stresses the role of the church in French Canadian culture
Not based just in Quebec, stretches through all of Canada
o One key objective: the action of Ontario and Manitoba who try to close French
o Key vocation of French in NA: Not to be like greedy Ontarien french
o Also Canadian nationalists in some way
Despair when canadians go to war every time that Britain goes to war
They mobilize against Boer wars as well as conscription in WWI and WWII
o There is almost xenophobia in there
La Grande Noiceur: Myth or reality
o Premier of QC for 20 years
Anthropoligists speak of Quebec as a priest ridden province.
At the time Quebec had the highest number of priestly inhabitants in North America
After Great Depression, much most of north america starts to develop social programs, but
Duplessis calls it communist
o Socialism evil:
Socialists are atheists
Quebec is an enterprise province
Quebec is called a folk society
Obsession with communism
o The fear that communists are invading Quebec
Fear of immigrants that may threaten the language and faith
Huge strikes among the working class because they want to be unionized o
o Power of catholic church, power of anti-semitism
o But discrimination did not occur just in Quebec.
Quiet Revolution (1960-1966)
Election in 1960
Liberal party of quebec wins: "it's time for change" is their motto
Key characteristics of relvolution
o State takes on responsibilities that the Church was previously responsible for (social
pograms, welfare, etc)
Transforming the structure of economic power-trasnfer it to more francophones in
order for them to develop
o Borader cultural changes
Ie, church attendance drops quickly over time
Today: quebecers have lower levels of church atendees in NA. Quebec is the