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POL2101 (183)
Lecture 14

Lecture 14 - Social Policy in Canada

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University of Ottawa
Political Science
Luc Turgeon

March 7, 2014 Social Policy in Canada Key terms • Welfare state • History of the Canadian welfare state • Liberal welfare state Reminder: the Welfare State • The welfare state: government expenditures to ensure some minimum standard Of living/protection from hardships resulting from unemployment, sickness, and old age. • Types of programs  Income transfers  Social care services  Tax expenditures  education • Two key objectives:  Decommodification  Defamilialization First steps, 1840-1890 • Role of the state was mostly one of regulation rather than provision of services  Poor Laws in theAtlantic provinces • Central role of charity  English-speaking Canada: social reform movement  Quebec: Catholic Church • State involvement  Education (SchoolAct of 1871 in Ontario) Period of Transition toward the Welfare State, 1891-1940 • Industrialization  Workers’compensation (Ontario, 1914) • First World War  Disability and survivor pensions  Family allowances (Manitoba)  Old age pension Period of Transition toward the Welfare State, 1891-1940 • Great depression  BEnett: “New Deal”  Rejected by the provinces • Political movements  Social gospel movement  Union movement  Co-operative Commonwealth Federation • Key moment: Rowell-Sirois Commission Expansion of the Canadian Welfare State, 1940-1975 • Marsh Report  Concept of a social minimum • Fear of the CCG growing popularity  Family allowances (1944)  Old age security (1951) • Innovation in Saskatchewan  1946: HospitalizationAct  1962: Medicare InsuranceAct Expansion of the Canadian Welfare State (1940-1975) • Most important expansion  Canadian Pension Plan  Canadian PublicAssistance  Medicare • Factors explaining the
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