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POL2101 (183)
Lecture 14

Social Policy in Canada.docx

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University of Ottawa
Political Science
Luc Turgeon

Social Policy in Canada Key terms • Welfare state • History of the Canadian welfare state • Liberal welfare state Reminder: the Welfare State • The welfare state:Government expenditures to ensure some minimum standard of living/protection from hardships resulting from unemployment, sickness and old age. • Types of programs o Income transfers (Pension, EI, social assistance) o Social care services o Tax expenditures o Education? • Two key objectives: o Decommodification  A person can maintain a livelihood without help o Defamilialization  A degree of which household reasponisblities are relaxed. In the capsity in which they can go to work, school and take care of children and family First steps, 1840-1890 • Role of the state was mostly one of regulation rather than provision of services o Poor Laws in the Atlantic provinces • Central role of charity o English-speaking Canada: social reform movement  Different groups made to hep the poor o Quebec: Catholic Church  We are in charge. • Stave involvement o Education (School Act of 871 in Ontario)  It was the start of a province wide system Period of Transition toward the Welfare State, 1891-1940 • Industrialisation (it was a lot slower then Europe and US) o Workers’ compensation (Ontario, 1914)  This was adopted in the most industrialized province. If you get a injury and cant come to work then you get compensation. Brfore 60s Quebec saw it as a communist idea, now it’s the most pro-welfare state. • First World War o Disability and survivor pensions (for widows) o Family allowances(Manitoba) (if the primary breadwinner is dead then families can get money for the number of children in the family) o Old age pension (70 years and old and be poor) Period of Transition toward the Welfare State, 1891-1940 • Great Depression o Bennett: « New Deal » o Rejected by the provinces • Political movements o Social gospel movement  Greater economic justice. o Union movement o Co-operative Commonwealth Federation • Key moment: Rowell-Sirois Commission o Shared cost equalization, giving to the poor Expansion of the Canadian Welfare State, 1940-1975 • Marsh Report o Concept of a social minimum  During the era, the creation of the EI (UI) • Fear of the CCF growing popularity (the fear that Liberal party will lose rd popularity and fall to 3 place, so he stole party policies from the CCF) o Family allowances (1944)  It was a bit of a problem because Quebec families are fairly big in size o Old age security (1951) • Innovation in Saskatchewan • People comeing tp the first socialist governemtn o 1946: Hospitalization Act  in a hospital care you don’t pay o 1962: Medicare Insurance Act o these policy became so popular then the federal government sta
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