Class Notes (839,241)
Canada (511,223)
POL2101 (222)
Lecture

February 27.docx

3 Pages
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Department
Political Science
Course Code
POL2101
Professor
Luc Turgeon

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February 27, 2013 Federalism I & II - Federalism - Evolution of Canadian federalism - Executive federalism - Spending power - Asymmetrical vs symmetrical federalism - Fiscal federalism - Equalization Distinction between a unitary and a federal state - Unitary: ‘a system of governing in which sovereign authority rests with the central government; regional and local governments are subordinate.’ o Doesn’t mean that there is no regional government o Ultimately if the centralised gov feels like it, they oculd abolish the regional government - Federal: ‘a sustem of governing in which sovereign authority is divided or shared between the central government and regional governments, with each derving its authority from the constitution. o Supreme written constitution o Distribution between 2 level of gov; legislative and executive authority o Judicial empire (supreme court) Social Component of Federalism - Salient differences that are organized and expressed largely on the basis of territory (linguistic, history, culture, economic) - States—former british colonies, Canada- Quebec, … etc - Used to reflect significant variations in a country - Product of social underpinning Normative component- Legitimacy - Citizens are members of both the national community, embodied in the national government and of provincial communities reflected in their provincial communities reflected in their provincial governments - Federalism is intended to be provided a balance between unity and diversity - Ultimately need to be sustained by a sense of political nationality or community The Moreno Question - Which of the statement describes how you regard yourself? o Ontarian, not Canada o More Ontarian that Canadian o Equally Canadian and Ontarian o More Canadian that Ontarian o Canadian, not Ontarian Federalism in Canada - 10 provinces, 3 territories - Division of powers in the Constitution Act, 1867 o Federalism responsibilities  Military, foreign affairs, unemployment insurance,
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