POL2101 Lecture 3: POL2101 – Lecture 3

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POL2101 – Lecture 3
Intergovernmental & Fiscal Relations
It is very hard to single out federal and provincial government
• There is often spill over that is uncontrollable no matter how
exhaustive the decision making is
• In this context the need to share information is there
• In most constitutions not everything is enumerated
Intra-state Federalism (US, Germany)
• The constituent unit will have power and representation
• All states are represented regardless of their size have two senators
(in the US)
• If a majority of American States and expressed by a voice of the
senators do not want a federal policy then it does not pass
• American States have a presence within federal solutions
Inter-state federalism (Canada)
Three important things to mention
• The Canadian Federation has to use a different model than the US
because of the very way our government works
• The federal government is not the “boss” and the provincial
governments are “workers”
o This is how it works in Australia
• In Canada it is not hierarchal
• Provinces are very powerful
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• Federal and Provincial governments are equal
• Executive Federalism refers to the idea that intergovernmental
relations do not involve parliamentarians discussing in parliament
o It involves executives discussing with each other
• Most visible intergovernmental relations are the First Minister
Meetings
o Discuss the big issues of the day
o Argue
o Expose differences
o None of this is written in the Canadian Constitution
o The only thing that was written in the BNA Act was the
position of the lieutenant governor
o Highly publicized
! There is a need to “win” because of all the media
attention depending on the topic
• Ministers Meetings (less visible)
o All ministers of Justice, Finance, Environment etc.
o Typically 2-5 times a year
o Federal and Provincial counterparts meet and decisions are
made
! Far less publicized
! Less political
• Bureaucratic Meetings
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