Class Notes (836,136)
Canada (509,645)
POL2103 (176)

POL 2103 E - Intro to International Relations _ Global Politics - Joseph Roman - 04 Jan. 15.docx

4 Pages
Unlock Document

Political Science
Mark Salter

POL 2103 E - Intro to International Relations & Global Politics - Joseph Roman - 04 Jan. 15 Liberal IR Theory The Hardcore of Liberalism - Foundational statement for a liberal theory of IR was made in Robert Keohane & Joseph Nye’s Power & Interdependence - Liberalism has inherent faith in progress b/c people are good & rational & can exercise their faculties - Liberal IR theory likens states to people, i.e. having a unique set of interests - states are capable of good behaviour - Liberal IR theory is a second-image theory, i.e. we can understand the international system by focusing on the domestic level - I.e. It focuses on the domestic level - Juridical equality - Everyone’s equal before the law - Free markets - Liberals prefer free markets b/c they think it’s the best way to generate wealth - They want free markets to bloom - Democracy - According to Liberals, democracy means that if states behave well domestically, they’ll behave well internationally - Liberty - All states should be able to determine their own destiny - Immanuel Kant & Jeremy Bentham are 2 key thinkers for liberal IR theory Liberalism vs. Realism - Liberals are pluralists & recognize that states are diverse from within - Interdependence suggests that a complex world creates connections that cause repercussions elsewhere - Liberals add in that there’s the difficulty for states to isolate themselves b/c things happening elsewhere will inevitably affect them - Realists wouldn’t focus on the above point and just point out that states just look out for themselves - Liberals agree that anarchy exists, but it is not the cause of war - Nobody enforces the international law, and plenty of international laws have already been broken The Strands and Sub-strands of Liberal IR Theory - Structure-centred liberal IR theory focuses on domestic constraints - Actor-centred liberal IR theory focuses on how actors respond to international constraints - Each strand has its own variant of rationalism & constructivism - Rationalism uses deduction & reasoning to arrive at a conclusion - Constructivism looks at how norms become internalized by actors through interacting with other agents Democratic Peace Theory (DPT) - Structure-centred - The social, political, & economic institutions of a state matters - Immanuel Kant as the key thinker - Citizens are risk & cost aware - Politicians wishing to get re-elected will be more unwilling to go to war b/c war is often unpopular - States with liberal democracies have more to lose when they go to war b/c they are often wealthier, so their standard of living would drop farther than other ones - States become peaceful - Shared norms with other democracies increase peacefulness Rationalist & Constructivist DPT - Rationalist DPT - Focuses on a state’s constitutional character - Free & fair elections constrain bellicose politicians - The institutional division of power in a state matters - Constructivist DPT - Wants to find out how democracies view other democracies - Friends & foes are learned through interaction - Which states share norms? Two-level Games - Very actor-centred - Focuses on both the domestic & international sphere - Asks how
More Less

Related notes for POL2103

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.