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POL 2103 E - Intro to International Relations _ Global Politics - Joseph Roman - 07 Jan. 27.docx

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University of Ottawa
Political Science
Mark Salter

- Outline in sentences, not point-form - Thesis: This forthcoming essay will argue ... - The first part of this essay will argue … - etc. - development section: - 3 parts the comprise the essay - quick summary of the parts in each - Conclusion: I expect to find … - First-person use is ok in this essay POL 2103 E - Intro to International Relations & Global Politics - Joseph Roman - 07 Jan. 27 Feminist Challenges to IR Theory - Rejects rationalist theories - Critique realism’s androcentrism - The importance of knowledge construction for IR - Emancipatory knowledge as a valid way of knowing - The masculine/feminine binary Challenging State Practices - Using a gender sensitive lens to interrogate state practices & making the invisible visible - IR Feminists see states as a form of insecurity instead of security - They question the protection myth linking it with masculinity - Ex: Wars are thought of as fought for protection of the weak. In almost all wars in history, 90% of casualties are of civilians. The civilians are also generally women and children. So, during wars, states are the source of insecurity.Also, rape & forced prostitution are common. - Why not security of people and communities? - Women & not just states as providers of security - Who takes of of injured soldiers? Most of the caring professions are women. - Feminization of the global division of labour - They bring up that women have also participated in wars too - wage inequality - some jobs used to be dominated by males, but now females (offshore manufacturing) The First Wave: Liberal Feminist IR Theory - Liberal feminists asked, “where are the women?” 1) LFIR argues that women should receive the same rights as men to achieve emancipation & recognize their contribution to world affairs. 2) Ponder what a world with more women in the corridors of power would look like 3) Accept positivist methodologies & employ gender as an explanatory variable for IR - They do accept gender as a variable/factor The Second Wave: Post-Liberal Feminism - Post liberal feminist IR theory develops in rxn to LFIR’s positivist commitments & faith in formal legal equality - Qualitative rather than quantitative analysis to explain women’s position & oppresion in global politics - Need to recognize the public/private split and its effects on women’s ability to participate in world affairs Critical Feminist IR Theory - Builds on Robert W. Cox’s framework
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