- Outline in sentences, not point-form
- Thesis: This forthcoming essay will argue ...
- The first part of this essay will argue …
- development section:
- 3 parts the comprise the essay
- quick summary of the parts in each
- Conclusion: I expect to find …
- First-person use is ok in this essay
POL 2103 E - Intro to International Relations & Global Politics - Joseph Roman - 07 Jan. 27
Feminist Challenges to IR Theory
- Rejects rationalist theories
- Critique realism’s androcentrism
- The importance of knowledge construction for IR
- Emancipatory knowledge as a valid way of knowing
- The masculine/feminine binary
Challenging State Practices
- Using a gender sensitive lens to interrogate state practices & making the invisible visible
- IR Feminists see states as a form of insecurity instead of security
- They question the protection myth linking it with masculinity
- Ex: Wars are thought of as fought for protection of the weak. In almost all wars in
history, 90% of casualties are of civilians. The civilians are also generally women and children.
So, during wars, states are the source of insecurity.Also, rape & forced prostitution are common.
- Why not security of people and communities?
- Women & not just states as providers of security
- Who takes of of injured soldiers? Most of the caring professions are women.
- Feminization of the global division of labour
- They bring up that women have also participated in wars too
- wage inequality
- some jobs used to be dominated by males, but now females (offshore manufacturing)
The First Wave: Liberal Feminist IR Theory
- Liberal feminists asked, “where are the women?”
1) LFIR argues that women should receive the same rights as men to achieve emancipation &
recognize their contribution to world affairs.
2) Ponder what a world with more women in the corridors of power would look like 3) Accept positivist methodologies & employ gender as an explanatory variable for IR
- They do accept gender as a variable/factor
The Second Wave: Post-Liberal Feminism
- Post liberal feminist IR theory develops in rxn to LFIR’s positivist commitments & faith in
formal legal equality
- Qualitative rather than quantitative analysis to explain women’s position & oppresion in global
- Need to recognize the public/private split and its effects on women’s ability to participate in
Critical Feminist IR Theory
- Builds on Robert W. Cox’s framework