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POL 2103 E - Intro to International Relations _ Global Politics - Joseph Roman - 11 Feb. 10.docx

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University of Ottawa
Political Science
Mark Salter

- Since the teacher was grateful for us students waiting for us while he spent 20 min in looking for his lost cellphone, he’s giving out the exact final exam the day before. - Learn map of what Rome looks like at the height of the roman empire - teacher said he’d give an A for the drawing on the final exam POL 2103 E - Intro to International Relations & Global Politics - Joseph Roman - 11 Feb. 10 Before the State - Conflict as a feature of human activity - Settlements and scarcity The basis of power - agriculture - key crops were grains - Power centres were generally located in the Mediterranean regions & along the Tigris & Euphrates Rivers - Power centres would always shift The Importance of the Roman Empire - The Roman Empire supplanted Alexander the Great’s Greek Empire upon his death in 323 BC - Roman Empire stretched from Spain to Mesopotamia, which lasted from 510 BC to 323 AD - Roman administrative structures & military capabilities enabled it to expand its frontiers - Rome was where the Roman Empire began but its frontiers were not always certain - Their borders were flexible, depending on their military might, etc. The Causes & Consequences of the Fall of the Roman Empire - Internal decay, civil wars, & barbarian invasions - Divided into Western Empire & Eastern Empire in 330 AD - Christendom takes hold throughout the Empire with Emperor Constantine’s conversion in 381 AD - Constantine redefines Rome’s enemies as enemies of faith - Eastern Empire ruled by Constantinople until the 1453 Ottoman conquest which renamed its capital Istanbul - Western Empire collapses in the 4th & 5th centuries due to invasions by nomadic peoples from northern & southern Europe & from central Asia - Nomadic invaders rampage into Mediterranean Europe, China, India, & Persia - Europe enters the Dark Ages & it lasts from the 5th to the 15th century - Christianity continues to spread by the Franks in 791 & their Emperor, Charlemagne, sees himself as the defender of the church - Europe becomes Christianized & the most important conquest is the Germans, who Charlemagne decrees were obliged to be Christian - Pope Leo 3 crowns Charlemagne the emperor of the Western Empire in 800 The Islamic World - Islamic World was the center of science & technology - Navigation developed from the 9th to 11th centuries in Al-Andalus - The development of mapping was motivated by Muslim merchants & the Hajj - Iberian explorers built on the nautical innovations that emerged during Berber Muslim rule & these were critical for connecting th
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