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POL 2103 Lecture #9.docx

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Department
Political Science
Course
POL2103
Professor
Ivaylo Grouev
Semester
Fall

Description
POL 2103: Lecture #9 10/15/2012 History of the UN Point de depart: Westphalia peace treaty 1648 Establishment of the modern state system  The main principles: Linear border State monopoly  Sovereignty  The Hague Peace conferences 1899 and 1907 Building a world based on law and order  W.Wilsons 14 points­the establishment of the League of Nations  League of nations organs:  The Assembly The Council The Secretariat Prof think that’s W.Wilson is correct.  Syria: 150­200 die today  Two semiautonomous bodies:   The permanent court of International Justice  The International Labour Organization same budgets as a LN  Assembly elected the judges of the World Court Intnl Labour Organization:  Philadelphia Census found that 40% of 1100 workers were under the age of 15= Child labour Children labour: daily lie:  One small meal at home before work  Off to the factory before daylight, often a mile or more  Only one break for 45 minute dinner  Work until 8 pm   1919­1935 League of Nations reached 58 members after a number of notable successes and some early failures.  Objectives:  To achieve peace and security  To promote international cooperation.  Majority parry in the 1920s was KKK­ in the US. First tests:  Manchurian Case 1931 Japan invasion  Independent Manchukuo NO response from Geneva  Italy invaded Ethiopia in 1934  For the first time economic sanctions on Italy  Of 54 league members/50 voted, short lived after Italy’s victory 1956  Germany withdrew from the League, as did Japan, Italy, Spain and others USA Not a League member, the project collapsed  The onset on WWII shoed that the League had failed its p
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