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POL 2104 C - Intro to Comparative Politics - Emily Regan Wills - 06 Jan. 22.docx

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Department
Political Science
Course
POL2104
Professor
Mark Salter
Semester
Winter

Description
Citation tips: - Works cited page not necessary - If I’m only citing class reading source material, the sourcing is just “(p. 30)” POL 2104 C - Intro to Comparative Politics - Emily Regan Wills - 06 Jan. 22 Elements of Stateness To Recap: - “The state is a human community that (successfully) claims a monopoly on the legitimate use of violence in a given territory.” Max Weber, Politics as a Vocation - States are the dominant political unit in the world; the state as an institution developed b/c of European political processes, but spread, through colonialism, to encompass the rest of the world. Unpacking “The State” - Referring to the monopoly on violence - or even to the nature of the state as a “compulsory organization of domination” (cf Weber) misses a lot of what happens inside what we understand as ‘the state,’and a lot about how it functions. - He doesn’t explain the experience of the state, what people do in the state and how they feel about it - So once we’ve identified ‘the state’as something we should think about in understanding politics, we immediately have to start picking apart its pieces to put them to work as well. - In order of decreasing institutionalization: State, Regime, Government - Governments may come & go, but regimes and states usually have more staying power State, Regime, Government - State: the legal entity, the thing with borders & a population - Regime: the system of rule & the major elements of what makes up the human experience of being governed in the state - Government: who is actually doing the governing Conceptions of Politics - Institutional Definition of Politics - Politics is about formal political institutions - Power Struggles/ Realist Definition of Politics - Politics is about the will to power - Pluralist Conception of Power - Politics is about groups competing & struggling for gain/to be heard - Functionalist Definition of Politics - We should study the fundamental social institutions of a political system/all political systems Key Elements of Stateness - Legitimacy: that the people who live inside the state accept that it is the state - The regime or government can lose legitimacy while the state retains it - Capacity: the ability to accomplish the tasks it sets itself, and to continue the tasks (if applicable) - Teacher thinks capacity changes more from regime to regime, instead of government to government - Autonomy: the ability to act without being constrained by non-state actors, whether domestic or foreign. The Failed State Index - Measures the extent to which states are succeeding in accomplishing tasks which the investigators (the Fund for Peace, an NGO which focuses on international security and conflict mitigation) believe are essential for stateness - with the allied belief that non-failed states are less likely to be in conflict with others. - Ranks all world states in terms of their level of failure, on a scale from “alert” (states most at risk of failure” to “warning” to “stability” to sustainable. Social Indicators - Demographic Pressures: - Pressures on the population make it hard for the government to protect
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