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POL 2104 C - Intro to Comparative Politics - Emily Regan Wills - 05 Jan. 20.docx

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University of Ottawa
Political Science
Mark Salter

POL 2104 C - Intro to Comparative Politics - Emily Regan Wills - 05 Jan. 20 What is the State? Defining the State - What is it? - Is this political unit a state or not? - Who determines this? - What’s its function? - What is it not? - Where is it? - What does it do? The Westphalian State System - Comes from “The Peace of Westphalia,” the series of treaties, negotiated among the major and minor kingdoms of Europe in 1648 - Was the first formal acknowledge of the principle of state sovereignty, that states should be independent without any force to overrule them. - The corollaries of this include non-intervention in the affairs of other states, self- determination of peoples/the citizenry of a country, and the legal equality of all states. - States should have their own nations. - Today’s notion of the state arose out of this specific context of Europe - The WSS is cornerstone of the international state system; - some people argue it’s no longer relevant - but much of international politics that makes the most sense in a Westphalian context. European State Map - 17th century European politics changed the nature of what a state is. Brougth about the Westphalian model. - Modern states only ranked based on the European Model of statehood. Ignores the position of statehood through any or forms such as pre-European models in China, India,Africa, etc. - 3 waves of state independence - 1st wave: Conversion of LatinAmerican colonies - 2nd wave: Rise of Post Colonial States inAsia &Africa - 3rd wave: Collapse of the Soviet Union & the states that emerged from its demise - Process of unification in Europe not state until city states & different individual states w/in the nation were merged into one nation state. Politics as a Vocation - Max Weber - Max is considered one of of the founding fathers of sociology as a discipli
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