- Ask scott for notes, missed most of class due to lack of internet
POL 2104 C - Intro to Comparative Politics - Emily Regan Wills - 12 Feb. 12
Civil Society & Claims for Justice
Iris Marion Young
- American political philosopher (died in 2006)
- Major works were in feminist political philosophy & theories of justice
- In particular, her work is concerned with how we account for difference in political life; given
that people differ from each other, how can we build a society that both recognizes those
differences & allows for collective action?
What is Injustice?
- Domination: “institutional conditions which inhibit or prevent people from participating in
decisions & processes that determine their actions & the conditions of their actions.” (142)
- Oppression: “systematic institutional processes which prevent some people from learning &
using satisfying or expansive skills in socially recognized settings, or which inhibit people’s
ability to play & communicate with others or to express their feelings & perspective on social
life in context where others can listen.” (142)
What Justice Requires
- Self-determination: the ability to direct one’s own life (or the collective life of a community)
- Self-Development: the ability to develop an enriched life, including meeting basic needs, skills,
& a fulfilling place in society
- Civil society is essential to assuring self-determination & self-development for people &
- However, civil society is not sufficient for ensuring justice for all.
- Civil society is not a particular social sphere, space, or process, but a type of activity which can
be carried out in a variety o