Class Notes (837,350)
Canada (510,236)
POL2104 (60)

POL 2104 C - Intro to Comparative Politics - Emily Regan Wills - 17 Mar. 03.docx

2 Pages
Unlock Document

Political Science
Mark Salter

POL 2104 C - Intro to Comparative Politics - Emily Regan Wills - 17 Mar. 03 Ethnicity and Violence Ashutosh Varshney, “Ethnicity & Ethnic Violence” • The field of studying ethnicity and ethnic violence is very open, & there are a variety of different approaches. • What theories you develop for predicting & understanding ethnic violence depends largely on which cases you look at & what theoretical perspective you align yourself with. What is Ethnicity? • “[E]thnicity as a term designates a sense of collective belonging, which could be based on common descent, language, history, culture, race or religion (or some combination of these).” (Varshney 2) - Amulti-ethnic nation is possible (section 1.1, p. 2). Ethnic demands can become national demands. It’s not necessary that one has geographic unanimity, but still a notion of territoriality. • Compare Jung’s formulation: “Race does not arise from biology; ethnicity does not arise from culture; religion does not arise from spiritual belief; class does not arise from material conditions. Instead, these categories are constituted by politics, and by the particular historical processes that have organized access to power in ways that forge boundaries of exclusion and selective inclusion.” (3) - You can’t assume there’s a natural way in that ethnicity appears in cultural differences. - More aggressively constructivist approach, not totally incompatible with Varshney’s view, just different. Endogeneity/Exogeneity • Endogenous: the causes of something are internal to its structure • Exogenous: the causes of something are external to its structure • One way to understand different approaches to ethnicity is to understand the extent to which they treat ethnicity as endogenous or exogenous to the political situation or conflict in question. Conflict & Violence • He says ethnic conflict & ethnic violence are not the same thing, & do not reduce to each other. • Conflict may be inevitable; violence is not - This is where his and Jung’s version of conflict and violence are overlapping, compatible, but not conflicting with each other • Conflict takes place through the existing political system; violence takes place outside of it. • Ethnic violence is collective violence. - He’s not interested in 1on1 violence What is collective violence? • “Collective violence can be de
More Less

Related notes for POL2104

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.