POL 2104 C - Intro to Comparative Politics - Emily Regan Wills - 20 Mar. 12
• Median score was a 71; mean score = 68
- Q1: 59
- Q2: 71
- Q3: 80
- Q4: 100
- Think about exam structure: how are points distributed among sections?
- Emphasis on synthesis: how do you put together ideas?
- What is the question specifically asking? What are all the parts of it that are required?
• Twice as much time to do it
• Not twice as much work, just more
Understanding the Welfare State
• Most info/notes on previous class notes file
The Welfare State
• Spending by states with the explicit purpose of providing well-being & better quality of life to
• Makes up a large portion of GDP in many states worldwide
• Generally encompasses all social expenditures, whether universal or limited in targeting:
- Health care (whether for part of the population or the entirety)
- Old age pensions/disability pensions
- Unemployment insurance
- Income support/direct transfers of money to individuals
• By total expenditures (how much is spent on welfare state programs, and what percentage of
GDP it makes up)
• Evidence from the OECD countries suggests that industrialization drives increases in
expenditures; however, this does not translate precisely to other environments
• "No one fought for expenditures" - people's experience of the welfare state isn't tie to what the
state spends, but what is provided to them & in what form.
• By the state's political economic ideology
• Liberal welfare states are more limited in scope; they tend to rely upon the market fo