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Ancient vs Modern LEC 1.docx

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Department
Political Science
Course
POL2108
Professor
Sophie Bourgault
Semester
Winter

Description
Ancient vs. Modern Political Thought – LECTURE 1 Modern Political Thought  o The history of ideas  o Long traditions which withstood time and bloody battles o Important political philosophers of modernity:  o Machiavelli­ fear and appeal to courage o Locke ­ Political absolutism and freedom                    “Almost all of us can now say that John Locke is our political philosopher…”                                                                                                     – D. Wooton Machiavellian Themes  State of nature  Justice  Virtue  Power  Obedience Ancient vs Modern – Similarities o What is the best form of government/regime? o Why do we have politics? o Both insist on the political utility of religion – without religion, you can’t get to a great politics: a. Strong and Courageous Republic for Machiavelli b. Stable Security for Locke Ancient vs. Modern ­Differences o Modern political theory as a whole differs from ancient political theory – relationship between politics and ethics  (morality): o The ancients see politics and morality as one and the same o Modern theorists separate them entirely Two visions of politics o Machiavelli and de la Boésie  believed in civic republicanism o Hobbes, Locke, and Rousseau believed in liberal individualism Liberal
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