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POL 2108 A - Modern Political Thought I - Guy Côté - 04 Jan. 16.docx

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Political Science
Mark Salter

TAs: - Devin Lefebvre - FSS 2012 Mon. 16:00-17:00: [email protected] - Andy - FSS 2012 Wed. 13:00-14:00: [email protected] - Adam - FSS 2012 Thurs. 9:30-11:00: [email protected] POL 2108 A- Modern Political Thought I - Guy Côté - 04 Jan. 16 Machiavelli He’s one of the founding father of political science, if not the only one. He can be seen as the rxn to the Church. He argues against the classic view that people are rational. In 1503, while he was a bureaucrat in Florence, he met a genius that will highly influence his political thoughts, Leonardo Da Vinci.After meeting him, he was initiated into scientific thoughts. Even scholars today wonder whether or not that Machiavelli and Hobbes were believed in God or were Atheists, since they opposed the Church’s oppression. He rejects Plato, as already mentioned, because Plato promotes idealism while Machiavelli promotes realism. He saw a division between the Church & politics, between God & Earth. Some then saw him as anAnti-Christ, despite him probably being a Christian overall. Initially, politics was instrumental of the Church. The Church used to use politics to control and manipulate people into believe in God. Since God is not accessible while we’re living and the soul was just a transcendent idea, he wants to separate the Church from politics which would emancipate human beings. This would lead to a brand new idea of politics, bringing it down to Earth. B/c of the authority of the Church, the Prince is always trapped, oppressed. Machiavelli advises the Prince to think outside the box, to not listen to the Church. This is radical.According to Machiavelli, the goal of religion wasn’t to get people into the land of God, but to obtain power, the power to get people to obey a certain morality. What he’s saying is the problem with the Church is that it’s making believers turn away from politics to access an unobtainable kingdom in our lifetimes. He thinks they’re turning people away from political action just to p
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