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POL 2108 A - Modern Political Thought I - Guy Côté - 20 Mar. 13.docx

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University of Ottawa
Political Science
Guy- Serge Cote

POL 1102 G - Politics & Globalization - Mark Salter - 01 Jan. 06 TA's emails: • andycatalone tues 12:00 - 13:00 or appointment - [email protected] • DDNM (?) Thurs. 9:30-11:00 - [email protected] • Devin Monday 16:00 - 17:00 - [email protected] Second Take-Home Questions: • Same criteria as last time • Due date Mar. 27 1) According to Humes, experience is the cornerstone of political action. Agree or disagree? Explain. - Just 1 paragraph necessary on what he said - The rest on my opinion 2) What do you think about Bacon's conception of the relations between the state and science? Is the latter a source of political stability? 3) Do you agree or not with Spinoza when he develops the idea that political stability rests on a national religion determined by the state with unified customs? 4) Montesquieu identified small state (geographically small) and equality as 2 conditions necessary for the development of democracy. My opinion on his conditions? Montesquieu • French philosopher (1st we've studied in class) • All his works are related to his Spirit of Laws • Life: 1689 - 1755 • Described well and in great details what democracy is, what it meant to have a monarchy and republic - He also gave details about the separation of powers • A philosopher easy to understand, straight-forward, though perhaps not that captivating - unlike Spinoza or Humes, who challenges thinking • A man of his time, a lot of his ideas developed in a historical context, and his ideas were strongly influenced by other philosophers • His largely focus on law and its importance - He makes himself as a political philosopher with little interest in religion • Law is the cornerstone of his philosophy. Laws are relations among humans and between all things. They exist objectively (debate-ably) and by necessity. These are the 2 conditions for laws (to him). - Laws govern/restricts/permits actions. • People related to law: - Law-makers - Promulgators of the law (say that the law is legal) (Ex: Govenor General in Canada) - Law-enforcers • All societies and political stabilities were based on laws. - Only thing that came before was humans. - As soon as a society appeared, so did laws. • According to him, this enables to develop politics as a science. He wants to develop public relations, relations between humans, to understand why different places have different laws and regimes. - He wants to explain particularities of political regimes with universal laws/causes. - This is done through history. History plays a vital role in understanding. - We can only understand the society we live in based on our history. - Nature & Trade are the main indicators for different regimes. • He says democracy arrives from nature (water, sea, trees, etc.). He links our behaviour with nature. - If we're part of nature (human nature), then it is connecte
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