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Perpetual Peace and Immanuel Kant.pdf

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University of Ottawa
Political Science
Sascha Maicher

In Kant's republic: people are the authors of the laws. These laws are what people, as being in rational beings, would recognize as being in their best interest. Kant seeks representative government But his definition of this is very vague. Kant: if we're really going to protect the freedom of citizens, we have to secure relations between states as well as relations between the people within the state. Naturally led them to consider international politics. PERPETUAL PEACE  Most of the time, states are in the condition of war. Doesn't mean they're always fighting each other, but are always on alert and ready to fight each other  There is war if there is threat of the outbreak of war-we're on war footing during that entire time  Perpetual peace is also to get rid of the threat of war, not just war itself. o He thinks this is the crucial factor to securing freedom. There will be no security within a state if it is always on war footing  The bigger the threat, the more obvious that we see it. The bigger the threat, the more civil liberties get taken away. o Believes citizens should never be used as means, only as ends (ie, conscription which explicitly uses people as means, since by forcing people to go into the army, their autonomy is being taken away from them.  Has a sense of arbitrariness of international boundaries o Believes all humans are from the same globe, which part of it we’re in happened by chance, and every part of it should be accessible. o We must recognize that true protection of human right will require their protection across the globe  Right, not rights- the principle of right requires that the actions of anyone makes it so that it is in agreement with the actions of those around them so that their actions will be harmonized. Some thoughts:  Standing armies shall be abolished o While that may seem wildly optimistic, his reasoning is this: if a country looks at their neighbor and sees that they're building an army (especially a bigger one), isn't there a natural pressure to keep up with them?- Arms race o The build up of arms is goading other countries into keeping up and this itself is counterproductive to peace  No independent state shall come under the dominion of another by inheritance, purchase or donation. o To do t
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