Jan. 16, 2014
What is the Developing World?
1- Defining the Developing World
a) Naming the developing world
Less developed country (LCDs): one in which a large share of the population
cannot meet or experiences great difficulties in meeting basic material needs.
The term developing country itself is imperfect because as a descriptive, it is
often inaccurate (Robert Cox - universal).
The notion of a less developed country is thus more accurate because it does not
imply economic progress.
Underdeveloped countries: the state of experiencing deprivations.
Global South or just South
• Make use of the geographical fact that the wealthiest countries are in the
northern hemisphere with poorer countries to their south (Russia)
Exceptions:Australia, New Zealand, South Korea, etc.
LatinAmerica (Brazil & Chile)
Africa and Middle East
Poorer regions ofAsia
b) The emergence of the Third World: from Third World to Developing World
FrenchAnthropologistAlfred Sauvy coined the term in 1952 to give identity to
the many countries during the Cold War.
First World countries or the Second World communist countries of the East
The term Third World originally denotes those countries that were neither
advanced capitalist (First World) nor communist (Second World).
Term associated: non-alignment movement
o Group of states who did not formally align with or against any major
power bloc (India, Indonesia, Egypt, Ghana, Yugoslavia) - they were
prominent advocates of a middle course for states in the Developing World
between the Western and Eastern bloc in the Cold War (Wikipedia).
The term Third World had a political and not an economic or social meaning.
The term took