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Lecture 2

Lecture 2 - The Developing World

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Political Science
Modeste Mba Talla

Jan. 16, 2014 What is the Developing World? 1- Defining the Developing World a) Naming the developing world  Developing  Less developed country (LCDs): one in which a large share of the population cannot meet or experiences great difficulties in meeting basic material needs.  The term developing country itself is imperfect because as a descriptive, it is often inaccurate (Robert Cox - universal).  The notion of a less developed country is thus more accurate because it does not imply economic progress.  Underdeveloped countries: the state of experiencing deprivations. Global South or just South • Make use of the geographical fact that the wealthiest countries are in the northern hemisphere with poorer countries to their south (Russia) Exceptions:Australia, New Zealand, South Korea, etc.  LatinAmerica (Brazil & Chile)  Africa and Middle East  Poorer regions ofAsia b) The emergence of the Third World: from Third World to Developing World  FrenchAnthropologistAlfred Sauvy coined the term in 1952 to give identity to the many countries during the Cold War.  First World countries or the Second World communist countries of the East  The term Third World originally denotes those countries that were neither advanced capitalist (First World) nor communist (Second World).  Term associated: non-alignment movement o Group of states who did not formally align with or against any major power bloc (India, Indonesia, Egypt, Ghana, Yugoslavia) - they were prominent advocates of a middle course for states in the Developing World between the Western and Eastern bloc in the Cold War (Wikipedia).  The term Third World had a political and not an economic or social meaning.  The term took
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