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Lecture 3

POL3126 Lecture 3: 2015-02-02 - Women, Political Representation, & Media.docx

by OneClass165174 , Winter 2015
5 Pages
72 Views

Department
Political Science
Course Code
POL3126
Professor
Tamara Kotar
Lecture
3

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2015-02-02
WOMEN AND POLITICAL REPRESENTATION / WOMEN AND MEDIA
Tina Maze video
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GSlIjHD0cww
The Bechdel Video Test
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bLF6sAAMb4sAre there 2 or more women with
names?
Looks at how women are portrayed in movies:
1) Are there 2 or more women with names
2) Do they talk to each other
3) Is it about something other than a man
The Oscars and The Bechdel Test
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PH8JuizIXw8
Representations in Institutions
Women in National Parliaments
http://www.ipu.org/wmn-e/classif.htm
oDoes women’s underrepresentation in institutional politics affect legislative
considerations of justice, laws, regulations, social welfare policies, health policies, etc.?
oEx: The #1 killer of women in countries with higher GDPs is heart disease
Can the state be used to promote feminist political goals?
Gendered implications of state structures?
State feminism?
The pressure in a few women to represent all women
Can there be State Feminism? (Different views)
McKinnon 1989
How do women negotiate the structures? Radical feminists argue that you are
recognizing gender stereotypes when you work within existing structures/norms. The
state and institutions are patriarchical structures.
Orloff 1996
2015-02-02
You can have a positive influence, especially when it comes to the welfare state.
Chappel 2000
You can specifically target the state for female-friendly policy change
Stetson & Mazur 1995
Promoting state feminism – there can be such a thing as the formation of feminist
policies (the Nordic countries & Australia)
Threlfal 1998
You can lobby particular government and party members, but you won’t get state
feminism.
Liberal Feminism
The Neutral State – Liberal feminists think of the state as just institutions. They are
dominated by men right now, but they don’t have to be. Liberal feminists say that
institutions are neutral – we can change them through representation.
Issues – pay equality, representation equality, etc.
Legal equality is the most important thing
Social differences even in the private sphere don’t matter as much
The focus is on legal and legislative equality
“work with what you have today”
Challenges:
Internalized patriarchical domination
They’re integrated into patriarchical systems without challenging them
They continue to forward these patriarchical institutions
Instead of changing them, they’re co-opted by them
It creates even more subtle forms of patriarchy because women buy into it
Diverts attention from more systemic forms of equality
Ex: Equal Pay – although the legislation is there in almost every state, nothing changes.
It’s not enforced.

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Description
2015-02-02 WOMEN AND POLITICAL REPRESENTATION / WOMEN AND MEDIA • Tina Maze video https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GSlIjHD0cww • The Bechdel Video Test https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bLF6sAAMb4sAre there 2 or more women with names? • Looks at how women are portrayed in movies: 1) Are there 2 or more women with names 2) Do they talk to each other 3) Is it about something other than a man • The Oscars and The Bechdel Test https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PH8JuizIXw8 Representations in Institutions • Women in National Parliaments http://www.ipu.org/wmn-e/classif.htm o Does women’s underrepresentation in institutional politics affect legislative considerations of justice, laws, regulations, social welfare policies, health policies, etc.? o Ex: The #1 killer of women in countries with higher GDPs is heart disease • Can the state be used to promote feminist political goals? • Gendered implications of state structures? • State feminism? • The pressure in a few women to represent all women Can there be State Feminism? (Different views) • McKinnon 1989 How do women negotiate the structures? Radical feminists argue that you are recognizing gender stereotypes when you work within existing structures/norms. The state and institutions are patriarchical structures. • Orloff 1996 2015-02-02 You can have a positive influence, especially when it comes to the welfare state. • Chappel 2000 You can specifically target the state for female-friendly policy change • Stetson & Mazur 1995 Promoting state feminism – there can be such a thing as the formation of feminist policies (the Nordic countries & Australia) • Threlfal 1998 You can lobby particular government and party members, but you won’t get state feminism. Liberal Feminism • The Neutral State – Liberal feminists think of the state as just institutions. They are dominated by men right now, but they don’t have to be. Liberal feminists say that institutions are neutral – we can change them through representation. Issues – pay equality, representation equality, etc. • Legal equality is the most important thing • Social differences even in the private sphere don’t matter as much • The focus is on legal and legislative equality • “work with what you have today” Challenges: • Internalized patriarchical domination • They’re integrated into patriarchical systems without challenging them • They continue to forward these patriarchical institutions • Instead of changing them, they’re co-opted by them • It creates even more subtle forms of patriarchy because women buy into it • Diverts attention from more systemic forms of equality • Ex: Equal Pay – although the legislation is there in almost every state, nothing changes. It’s not enforced. 2015-02-02 • Fails to understand structural inequalities not just in the public sphere, but also the private sphere • Do not recognize the psychological, economical, or social foundations of inequality/male domination • Women live longer, but their earnings are
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