PSY 1101 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Scientific Method, Illusory Correlation, Psychological Science
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The Need for Psychological Science
What is Psychology?
•!Scientific study of how we think, feel and believe.
•!Emotional process, behavioral, motivation, cognitive, perceptual
Scope of Psychology
•!Psychologists are involved in every single facet of human life.
•!Microsoft hires their psychologists to build their websites.
•!Psychologist are an asset to studying for e.g. a car accident case.
•!Your emotions and personality make a big difference.
I. THE NEED FOR PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE
A. Why do we need science?
•!A.1. Limits of intuition
o!Intuition is important
o!We need to in some instances pay attention to our intuition
o!But intuition can be misleading.
o!You cannot use intuition to generate scientific knowledge.
•!A.2 Limits of Common Sense
o!Common sense is the result of experience, of having acquired
knowledge, having gone through something.
o!Common sense is the result of knowledge and experience.
o!Common sense comes from knowledge but does not generate
!!Once a event has happened, we know the
!!We have a tendency to believe that we know the
!!Knowing it all along is not that obvious.
!!Once we know all the details its easier for us to give the
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