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Lecture 1

PSY 1101 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Scientific Method, Illusory Correlation, Psychological Science


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSY 1101
Professor
Najwa Haddad
Lecture
1

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Lecture 1
The Need for Psychological Science
INTRODUCTION
What is Psychology?
!Scientific study of how we think, feel and believe.
!Emotional process, behavioral, motivation, cognitive, perceptual
processes.
Scope of Psychology
!Psychologists are involved in every single facet of human life.
!Microsoft hires their psychologists to build their websites.
!Psychologist are an asset to studying for e.g. a car accident case.
!Your emotions and personality make a big difference.
I. THE NEED FOR PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE
A. Why do we need science?
!A.1. Limits of intuition
o!Intuition is important
o!We need to in some instances pay attention to our intuition
o!But intuition can be misleading.
o!You cannot use intuition to generate scientific knowledge.
!A.2 Limits of Common Sense
o!Common sense is the result of experience, of having acquired
knowledge, having gone through something.
o!Common sense is the result of knowledge and experience.
o!Common sense comes from knowledge but does not generate
knowledge.
o!Hindsight Bias
!!I-know-it-all-along phenomenon
!!Once a event has happened, we know the
outcome/conclusion.
!!We have a tendency to believe that we know the
outcome.
!!Knowing it all along is not that obvious.
!!Once we know all the details its easier for us to give the
obvious conclusion.
!!E.g. 9/11
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