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Lecture

PSY 1101 Lecture Notes - Sri Lanka Overseas Service


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSY 1101
Professor
Rosalinde Klempan

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COGNITION AND EMOTION
o COGNITIVE APPRAISAL (COGAPP) IS MORE IMPORTANT THAN AUTONOMIC AROUSAL IN
DIFFERENTIATING EMOTIONS
COGAPP
o INTERPRET (APPRAISE) EXPERIENCED SITUATION REGARDING PERSONAL GOALS AND WELL BEING
o OUTCOME OF APPRAISAL IS A BELIEF (NEG. OR POS.)
o THE INTERPRETATION =COGAPP
TWO PARTS:
1. APPRAISAL PROCESS
2. RESULTING BELIEF
INTENSITY AND DIFFERENTIATION OF EMOTIONS
o APPRAISAL CONTRIBUTES TO SUBJECTIVE EXPERIENCE OF EMOTION (INTENSITY AND TONE)
EG.'S
FEAR? OR EXCELLENT?
ANGER? OR AMUSEMENT?
COGAPP LARGELY RESPONSIBLE FOR DIFFERENTIATING EMOTIONS
BELIEFS ARE VARIED ENOUGH TO DISCRIMINATE BETWEEN EMOTIONS
APPRAISAL PROCESS IS QUICK ENOUGH
SUPPORT FOR COGAPP IN DETERMINING QUALITY OF EMOTIONAL EXPERIENCE
SCHACTER AND SINGER (1962)
CLASSIC STUDY
o TRIED TO SEPARATE AROUSAL AND APPRAISAL USING DIFFERENT SOURCES
2 SUBJECT GROUPS (GP) INJECTED WITH EPINEPHRINE (INDUCES ANS AROUSAL)
GP 1 INFORMED ABOUT AROUSAL AND GP 2 MISINFORMED
CONFEDERATE INDUCES EUPHORIA OR ANGER
RESULTS:
o MISINFORMED
RELIED ON APPRAISAL AND RATED FEELINGS ACCORDING TO INDUCTION
INFORMED DID NOT REPORT "INDUCED" FEELINGS
ZILLMAN (1974)
INSTEAD OF INJECTIONS USE PHYSICAL EXERCISE TO AROUSE (NEUTRAL AROUSAL)
SUBJECTS REPORTED MORE INTENSE ANGER IF PROVOKED AFTER EXERCISE VS. NO EXERCISE
AROUSAL INCREASES INTENSITY OF EMPOTIONAL EXPERIENCES
SCHACTERS TWO FACTOR THEORY OF EMOTION
o EMOTIONAL EXPERIENCE CONSISTS OF AROUSAL PLUS COGNITIVE LABEL OF THE AROUSAL
ELICITING EVENT RESULTS IN BOTH:
AUTONOMIC AROUSAL
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