PSY 3103 Lecture Notes - Lecture 11: Clicker Training, The Delay, Too Short

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Shaping is an ‘art’ and a balancing act
Depends on:
Type of organism (dogs are a little more food motivated and easier to train
than cats) i.e. . training the spider to come when called. i.e. using laser
pointing while moving spiders web because spiders move when their webs
The individual i.e some individuals are easier to train than others.
Prior experience i.e. prior luring, training
When shaping
Need to observe the existing behavioral repertoire. You want to know what
you are dealing with and what the behavioral repertoire consists of.
Clearly determine what the final (goal) behavior will look like. i.e. girl holding
cookie and teacher not letting fetish get it. She controls access to the
reinforcers by calling her name before she gets it. Girl also closes hand, so
that dog can’t get cookie. She expected the cookie and it was taken away from
her. Pulling dog back by the leash while not allowing her to have the cookie is
punishing her. Stopping her from getting cookie/moving her away/leaving
her for a few seconds this is called negative punishment. She punished
fetish for ignoring the recall cue. Time out/taking away access to any
reinforcers for a few seconds. Negatively punished fetish.
Reinforce only those variations that most close approximate the goal
What about punishment?
Prof rarely uses punishment in shaping, especially when teaching a new
Taking away hand and then putting it back to give her another opportunity?
Fetishes behavioral repertoire: monkey bars, “shy/tell me a secret”, “spread-
em”, going through profs legs continuously, backing up, pee like a boy,
holding an object/toy in her mouth, nose to hand, sit, bark/circle garbage can
(with the hand motion being one cue which we don’t want to fade and also a
verbal cue being “check-check-check”),
Hazard Shaping
Try and avoid this. Its by going base don how you’re feeling rather than by a
systematic plan. Crappy shaping. Not taking the time to break it down to
smaller pieces. You basically go on your gut based on how you feel about it.
i.e. only reinforcing really high paw touches. Changes of behavior reoccurring
are smaller since you expect too big of changes. The organism/person/dog is
not ready. You usually end up making a lot of mistakes. A lot of mistakes
means a lot of behaviors are not being reinforced, and when you don’t
reinforce behaviors over and over again you get extinction. The dog will stop
doing the behavior since there is no reinforcement and the behavior will
extinguish. Its also frustrating to make a lot of mistakes. Frustration is
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