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Lecture 4

PSY 3105 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Erik Erikson, Imaginary Audience, Reinforcement


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSY 3105
Professor
Jocelyn Wentland
Lecture
4

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PSY3105: Lecture 5 & 6
1.10.2013
Lecture 6: The Self
Presentations:
oPhysical appearance and social acceptance #1 predictors of self-esteem.
Clarifying the Difference
oSelf esteem
Global measures of worth
o Self-concept
More specific
Self Esteem: Defining Aspect
oBaseline Self Esteem
Overall
The way you feel on a daily basis
o Barometric Self Esteem
Self Esteem at different points of a day, which we don’t measure
on a global measure of self esteem.
More accurate because more time points.
Development and Self Esteem
oDecline  9-12/13
oA cause is the imaginary audience: think that everyone is noticing you
even though this is not the case
Influences on Self Esteem
oParents:
Through positive and negative reinforcement
Childhood & Adolescence
oChildhood  trait centred
oAdolescence  more exploration (abstract and more about personality)
Abstract Concepts
oActual Self (who I am)
oPossible Self (abstract thinking  adolescence)
oDepression Rates go up in adolescence, which is not noticed in pre-
adolescents.
Drop in self esteem
Self Reflection in Adolescence
More Complex
oCan think about multiple perspectives
oMore abstract thinking
oContradictions in who they are who they are not
oWho am I today, Who could I be
Beeper Studies
oSend a mass text to adolescence signed up to this study
oAsk to rate self esteem
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PSY3105: Lecture 5 & 6
1.10.2013
Decline in Average Emotional State
oThings stabilize around gr 12
oAdolescents are moodier
Adolescent Self Image Eight Domains
o#1 Physical Appearance
o#2 Social Acceptance/Peer Acceptance
Identity: Erik Erikson Theory (IMPORTANT)
oTeacher/Psychoanalyst/Therapist
oIdentity vs. Identity Confusion
oPeople went through different crisis
oInfancy:
Healthy plan
Similar to secure attachment
Identity Crisis in Adolescence
oLove, Work, Value and Beliefs influenced by family
oIdentity Achievement: expected from you in school
Identity Exploration
oPsychosocial Moratorium
oIdentification: where you are and where do you want to go?
Identity Status Model
oDiffusion:
oMoratorium: Thinking of some things but not 100% sure
oForeclosure: Not a lot of exploration because they knew  Don’t need to
explore
oAchievement: You made a choice after exploring all possible options.
oGraph: Huge Age Difference among stages
D  Diffusion
F  Foreclosure
AAchievement
M  Moratorium
Culture and Identity: Issues
oHuge Bias in Literature because most research comes from white western
view who have an interest in self which is very individualistic and cannot
be applied to everyone.
oMoratorium: is more western
Lecture 5: Gender
Questions:
oWhat does being a woman mean to you?
Caring
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