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Lecture 10

PSY 3303 Lecture Notes - Lecture 10: Extraversion And Introversion, Nomothetic, Nile Rodgers


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSY 3303
Professor
Dave Miranda
Lecture
10

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Lecture 10 – Classical Trait Approach (February 24, 2016)
How would you describe Nile Rodgers’ personality (from video shown in class)?
Extraverted because he is able to make friends with various artists
oHe gets along with people
oHe wants to be in the music scene
oHe likes to experiment with different things
oIf he seeks sensation, this also makes him extraverted
Open because he’s willing to listen to new and different types of music
oOpen-minded with new music – he understands that things evolve
oHe has many books in his office – he influences the environment by his
personality
Self-concept – high self-esteem
oWants to evolve (Carl Rogers’ self-actualization)
Agreeable because he collaborates with other artists
oHe is not critical of others
oHe gives unknown artists a chance
Sublimation because he puts a lot of work into producing – he creates a lot of music
oHe has drives (sexual or aggressive), and he expresses these drives through a
higher cultural way (music)
oPsychoanalytic
Personality traits
People judge and describe personality using objective traits (ex: funny) that are stable
across time and situations
On average, the peak of openness is in university (20-something-year-olds)
After 25, openness starts to decrease and reaches a plateau (but doesn’t happen to
everyone)
Traits are more stable than overall personality
oPersonality traits change/evolve but slower over time
Personality structure
oWhich traits are necessary to describing personality, and when do we have enough
personality traits to deem our judgment of personality sufficient (to find our basic
structure of personality traits?
oEysenck thought there were 3 traits
Internal dispositions
oWe have internalized our traits; it is part of me
oIt doesn’t necessarily depend on situations
oPersonality traits are partly genetic, and also environmental because culture,
socialization, etc. is also internalized
oExample: environment can nourish extraversion through encouragement of
speaking your mind
oTraits are both genetic and environmental
oTraits increase the odds that you will behave a certain way
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