Class Notes (838,393)
Canada (510,877)
Psychology (4,075)
PSY1101 (866)

PSY1101 - Lecture 1 .docx

4 Pages
Unlock Document

Kenneth Campbell

September 10, 2013 What Is psychology? Psychology: the science of the study of the mind Psyche: also means butterfly; the symbol for psyche is a butterfly  Totality of the human mind, consciousness and unconsciousness  Historical roots of psychology and the study of the mind In science we must:  Define our variables (e.g. leaves are changing)  Observe our variables (e.g. leaves changing as seen through physics)  Measure our variables Problems  What are mental processes  Difficult to define  Cannot be observed  They can be inferred Behavior  Psychology as the study of behavior  We cannot study mental processes but we can study behavior and how people act and why they act they way that they do  How do we define behavior, what is behavior Problems  Can be observed  How do we measure behavior  What causes behavior Is this an experiment in psychology?  In a true experiment we manipulate or change a variable  This might cause another variable to change  In psysics we manipulate the psysical world  In psychology we manipulate the mental world Branches of psychology  Experimental - began in 1800s - first experimental lab was by Wilhelm wundt in Germany - the exact description of consciousness is the sole aim of experimental psychology - basic prinicpals of experimentation are used to explain psychological factors - structuralism: developed by Edward titchener in the U.S.; basic structures of the mind (analogous to the basic elements in chemistry.) he used a method called introspection - participant had to look inward on the contents of their consciousness - debate whether the mind is physical or non physical - functionalism (pragmatism); developed by William james in the U.S. - what is the function of our thoughts and emotions? - james didn’t carry out true experiments - he deleloped a number of theories about attention, consciousness and memory - wrote the first book on psychology - study of functions proved to be highly subjective  Clinical - counseling; psychotherapy - S. freud is generally considered to be the founder of psychotherapy but freud was not a psychologsist - rajour roots are from the 1940s in the U.S. - first department of clinical psychology in U. Ottawa - the major field in psychology  Applied -apply basic knowledge of basic psychology - social, developemtnal, educational etc.   *Clnical and applied the subject of the course PSY1102 Schools of psychology  Cognitive – brain, mental functions -late 1800s and early 1900s - study of higher consciousness, memory, attention, decision making, language, mental functions - attempts to infer hypothetical mental states of information processing based on current response behavior, patterns/ performance - mental states cannot be observed only inferred - revival in 1950s. now a BOOM field - fell into disrepute because it was thought to be unscientific (by behaviourists) - provides an elegent means to scientifically test various cognitive functions - they must be inferred on the basis of performance - cognitive psychology: uses measures such as performance and decision time to infer about hypothetical brain functions - cognitive neuroscience: use biological methods to study cognitive activity - neural/ cognitive modeling: uses computers to mimic cogniti
More Less

Related notes for PSY1101

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.