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Lectures for Learning Lectures from Brown's 2011 section on learning pertaining to Ch.7 of the 9th edition of the Psychology textbook.

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Robert Brown

TOPIC 5 LEARNING LECTURE 15 Tuesday March0811LEARNINGassociative learning classical conditioning operantinstrumental conditioningobservational learning learning is a longlasting change in behaviour due to experienceASSOCIATIVE LEARNING learning the relationship between events We do this naturally by connecting events that occur in sequence Example dog with closed door and you hear vroom the car comes inThe door goes to the door and his tail is waggingdog makes association between sound outside and owner coming homeExample cat comes running when she hears the can opener goingClassical conditioningPavlovian conditioningthe pairing of a neutral stimulus with an outcome this reinforces the behaviour Ex neutral stimulus bell and an outcome deliciousssss cheeseburger UNCONDITIONAL STIMULUS US a stimulus that unconditionally evokes a response also calledunconditioned stimulus a cheeseburger for exUNCONDITIONED RESPONSE UR response that occurs following the unconditional stimulusthe cheeseburger is LOVED by dogsCONDITIONAL STIMULUS CS a neutral stimulus that initially provokes no reactionEx the bellCONDITIONAL RESPONSE CR the learned response that occurs following the CS after conditioninggetting excited over a bellBEFORE CONDITIONINGFood US produces salivation URTone CS does notit has no effectDURING CONDITIONINGThe CS tone and the US food are paired resulting in salivation URAFTER CONDITIONINGCS now elicits salivation which is now the CRACQUISITIONAcquisition is the initial learning stage in classical conditioning in which an association between a neutral stimulusand an unconditioned stimulus takes place the CS must come before the US some minor exceptions the time in between the two stimuli should be half a second longer produces weaker conditioning
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