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Lecture

1.0, 1.1 Introduction to psychology.docx

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSY1101
Professor
Kenneth Campbell
Semester
Fall

Description
Introduction to psychology 1. Roots 2. Some major issues a. Stability vs. change b. Rationality vs. irrationality c. Nature vs. nurture 3. Perspectives 4. Subfields & types of psychologists a. Roots b. Definition of psychology? Until 1920’s study of inner mental experience • Wilhelm Wundt o 1879: Established 1 psych. Lab o Focus on introspection: self-examination of mental life o Father of experimental psych. From 1920 – Mid 1960’s Study of overt behaviour • John B. Watson: In USA o Study only public events o Father of behaviourism Modern Definition: Scientific study of behaviour & mental process Additional influences • By 1920: Unconscious Influences • By 1950: Neurophysiology • By 1970: Cognitive processes Some Major Issues (Debates) 1. Stability vs. Change – Does personality (for eg.) change as we grow older? 2. Rationality vs. Irrationality Reliance on? • Cognitive (thought) abilities • Primitive impulses 3. Nature vs. Nurture What guides development? • Nature – Heredity/Genetics • Nurture – Environmnet/Experience *John Locke 17 Cth -Tabula Rasa (blank slate) -Nurture *Charles Darwin -Theory of evolution (1859) -British Biologist -Nature -Principle of Natural selection (survival of the fittest) Behaviourism: (J. B. Whatson, B. F. Skinner) -Nurture Interactionism: -Heredity & En
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