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Lecture

COGNITION AND EMOTION.docx

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSY1101
Professor
Rosalinde Klempan
Semester
Fall

Description
COGNITION AND EMOTION o COGNITIVE APPRAISAL (COGAPP) IS MORE IMPORTANT THAN AUTONOMIC AROUSAL IN DIFFERENTIATING EMOTIONS COGAPP o INTERPRET (APPRAISE) EXPERIENCED SITUATION REGARDING PERSONAL GOALS AND WELL BEING o OUTCOME OF APPRAISAL IS A BELIEF (NEG. OR POS.) o THE INTERPRETATION =COGAPP  TWO PARTS: 1. APPRAISAL PROCESS 2. RESULTING BELIEF INTENSITY AND DIFFERENTIATION OF EMOTIONS o APPRAISAL CONTRIBUTES TO SUBJECTIVE EXPERIENCE OF EMOTION (INTENSITY AND TONE)  EG.'S  FEAR? OR EXCELLENT?  ANGER? OR AMUSEMENT?  COGAPP LARGELY RESPONSIBLE FOR DIFFERENTIATING EMOTIONS  BELIEFS ARE VARIED ENOUGH TO DISCRIMINATE BETWEEN EMOTIONS  APPRAISAL PROCESS IS QUICK ENOUGH SUPPORT FOR COGAPP IN DETERMINING QUALITY OF EMOTIONAL EXPERIENCE SCHACTER AND SINGER (1962) CLASSIC STUDY o TRIED TO SEPARATE AROUSAL AND APPRAISAL USING DIFFERENT SOURCES  2 SUBJECT GROUPS (GP) INJECTED WITH EPINEPHRINE (INDUCES ANS AROUSAL)  GP 1 INFORMED ABOUT AROUSAL AND GP 2 MISINFORMED  CONFEDERATE INDUCES EUPHORIA OR ANGER RESULTS: o MISINFORMED  RELIED ON APPRAISAL AND RATED FEELINGS ACCORDING TO INDUCTION  INFORMED DID NOT REPORT "INDUCED" FEELINGS ZILLMAN (1974)  INSTEAD OF INJECTIONS USE PHYSICAL EXERCISE TO AROUSE (NEUTRAL AROUSAL)  SUBJECTS REPORTED MORE INTENSE ANGER IF PROVOKED AFTER EXERCISE VS. NO EXERCISE AROUSAL INCREASES INTENSITY OF EMPOTIONAL EXPERIENCES SCHACTERS TWO FACTOR THEORY OF EMOTION o EMOTIONAL EXPERIENCE CONSISTS OF AROUSAL PLUS COGNITIVE LABEL OF THE AROUSAL ELICITING EVENT RESULTS IN BOTH:  AUTONOMIC AROUSAL  COGNITIVE APPRAISAL THESE LEAD TO BOTH:  PERCEIVED AROUSAL  EMOTIONAL BELIEF AND DETERMINE THE EXPERIENCED EMOTION NOTES  PERCIEVED AROUSAL USUALLY ATTRIBUTED TO THE
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