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Lecture 19

PSY1102 Lecture 19: PSY1102F Last Chapter 13 part 1 Lecture NOTE 19

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Najwa Haddad

PSY1102F Chapter 13 part 1 Lecture NOTE 19 Chapter 13 Social Psychology: scientific study of how presence of others (realimagined) influence how we feel, behave, act Social Thinking Attributions: explanation we offer why behaviours has occurred Possibilities: 1. Dispositional factors: cause of behaviours present within the person internal 2. Situational factors: cause of behaviour present outside of the person external There is constant interaction between the two factors The Fundamental Attribution error: our tendency when we are explaining the behaviours of other people we will focus on dispositional factors rather than situational minimizingdisregarding other factors when we are explaining my own behaviours, we will focus on situational factors Lab role there are exceptions: when we dont consider ourselves when we know someone very well it is less prone to have error effects of attributes it does matter influence on choices, behaviours, emotions, etc. Attitudes Actions: evaluation of somethingsomeone that is rather stable, can be positivenegativeneutral eg. lovehatedont care about Trump? Has 3 components: Cognitive (beliefs thoughts), Emotional, Behavioural Do actions affect attitudes? Yes, but some researchers do not agree and believe that sometimes it may or may not be true in certain cases they are more likely to affect attributes when there is more specificity, awareness, extreme, frequently, public, direct experience most likely affect behavioursattitudes The Foot in the door: when we say yes for little favour, we are more likely to say yes for bigger favour Zimbardo Lab Study: avg. healthy men randomly divided into 2 groups to play the roles of Prisoners Prison Guards the point of the experiment was to have guards manage the prisoners for 2 weeks. However, the guards became very abusive mean, yet the prisoners did not try to stop them at all. The study had to shut down less within a week it shows that when average person gained power, they used it to abuse others Why actions affect our attitudes other way around? Festinger he believed that this is due to cognitive dissonance when we know that there is gap in attitude actions, we are going into a state of psychological tension that is negative because it is unpleasant we want to reduce it (by changing other behavioursattitudes to fit each other) Conformity Obedience: Conformity: we all do conform not a bad thing however, following this unspoken role can sometimes bring negative result it is the process by which we choosechange our behaviours, so that it aligns with the larger group Solomon Asch: How far do we go for conformity with others? Would we conform even if we knew it was wrong? even when they knew they were clearly 100 wrong, majority (76) agreed with most of the group(actors)s answers
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