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Lecture

PSY1102 - Psychological Disorders #1 - Chapter 14

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSY1102
Professor
Najwa Haddad
Semester
Winter

Description
PSYCHOLOGICAL DISORDERS (CHAPTER 14) - part 1 1. Perspectives on Psychological Disorders A. Introduction - abnormal psychology/psychopathology - scientific study of mental illness - study origins, symptoms, treatment and prevention - prevalence - mental illness is more prevalent than people think - help - 60-70% don’t get help - can’t afford it, no access to help, ignorance, stigma, shame, embarrassment - help might be inadaquate - beware: medical student syndrome B. Defining Psychological Disorders criteria: - statistical in frequency, more infrequent = more abnormal - deviant - deviate from social norms/rules - distressing - to person or others; some people deny so they don’t distress - dysfunctional behaviour - harmful to self and others, disruptive C. Understanding Psychological Disorders - the “why” - 3 perspectives 1. The Demonic Model - originally people who behaved abnormally were seen to be possessed, controlled by demons or spirits - still present in some places - 2. The Medical Perspective - renaissance - people started seeing mental disorders as an illness - illness is physio/biologically based - Pinel - today - symptoms - diagnosed - therapy - cure - 3. Bio-Psycho-Social Perspective - nature and nurture - genes, physiological, biological, psychological factors - social & cultural factors D. Classifying Disorders - need a clear, uniform, reliable classification system - DSM - IV - TR (diagnostic, statistical manual for diagnosing mental disorders) - classifies mental health disorders - lists symptoms, criteria required for diagnosis, development of illness - highly reliable - lists observable behaviours - reduce subjective judgement - revised consistently - 1000 researchers and over 60 organizations - criticism: based on medical model, culturally biased, too many categories E. Labeling Psychological Disorders - labeling causes people not to take responsibility - labeling creates a stigma and creates bias - self fulfilling prophecy - myth busting: - bizarre looking - no - personal weakness - no - often dangerous - no - nev
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