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Lecture

PSY1102_Chapter_4_-_Nature__Nurture__and_Human_Diversity

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSY1102
Professor
All Professors
Semester
Fall

Description
Study from both the notes and the textbook Nucleotides always pair up ATGCTeach same concepts as book but not Called the alphabet of life Sequence exactly the same as the bookdetermines what a gene does does not doChanging one nucleotide changes what the thFinal exam June 12 Cumulative gene does like changing a letter in a wordQuestions from test bank ChromosomesBooksth ISPR Opens May 7ends June 11 GenesWordsNucleotidesLettersChapter 4 Nature nurturehuman diversityHuman Genome has 20000 genes All I Introductionhuman beings are 9999 genetically Who makes us who we are Nature or similar nurtureIn 2004 a study in Nature Genetics Nature Genes DNA hereditydetermined that race does not exist Nurture Everything else biologically It is a social and cultural Also called experience environmentcontext Most psychologists believe that both B Evolutionary Psychology EPcontribute to who we are Interactions between naturenurture B1 influenceaffect each otherEP is the newest perspective in psychology It is based on Darwinian TheoryII The Nature Component Darwin 1 goal of any organism is to A Genes Our Biological Blueprintsurvive and transmit genes to future offspring Not all organisms will surviveThere are 46 chromosomes in each cell except the egg sperm Natural selection Selection of the fittest Chromosomes carry genetic information in Characteristics of organism must line up the form of DNA molecules with the demands of the environment Genes are the basic unit of heredity and are Any trait or behaviour that has helped part of DNA ancestors survive and transmit genes are Genes give organisms characteristics They displayed by most modern human beings are responsible for the production and According to EP those who were more manufacturing of proteinscautious eg running from snakes Genes can be active expressed or inactive survived unexpressed Can be permanent One single gene can be responsible for a Adaptation Organism must change when trait behaviour Ex Different sizes of dogsthe environment changes eg SuperbugFor complete mental processes there may be multiple genes gene complexes working together Ex Over 2000 genes associated with obesityGenes consist of nucleotides biochemical B2 bases ApplicationSexuality A Adenine G Guanine T Thymine or C Cytosine
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