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Chapter 13 - Personlity.docx

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University of Ottawa
Najwa Haddad

Chapter 13PersonalityI EARN A POINTp 553572 big pay offII Contemporary Research on Personality A What is personalityThe typical way you think feel and behaveEvaluating the Trait Perspective see earn a pointThe personsituation controversy are behaviours affected by internal predispositions or by the situations one is inFor decades the answer to this was according to trait perspective behaviours are affected by internal predispositions until Walter Mischel came along and criticised the trait perspective saying traits are poor predictors of behavioursSeymour Epstein concluded that Walter Mischel is right and wrong right because if we use traits to predict a specific behaviour in a specific situation traits are poor predictors of personality however according to him Mischel is incorrect in the following sense we can use traits to predict certain behaviours as long as we are trying to predict traits on average across many behaviours B The Behavioral PerspectiveAccording to this perspective personality is totally and fully shaped by the environment as we are interacting with the environment some behaviours are reinforced and some are notWe are more likely to repeat behaviours that are going to help us gain something desirable and avoid something undesirable C The Social Cognitive Perspective C1 IntroductionBandura main idea of this perspective is that personality is the end result of a complex interaction between a number of different factors those factors being social or cognitiveLearning much of our behaviours are learned we learn through observation modelling and rewardpunishmentConscious cognitive processes we are not passive learners we tend to interpret what happens to us and evaluate the situations we are inSelfefficacy beliefs when you are facing a certain situation do you feel and believe you can succeed and handle it that you are able to solve the problem if so then you have high selfefficacy if you feel you cannot deal with a problem then you have low selfefficacy Situationenvironment
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