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4. Emotions Stress and Health.docx

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Christine Mountney

Chapter 12 Emotions Stress and HealthStress and HealthPsychological states cause physical illness Stress is any circumstance real or perceived that threatens a persons well beingWhen we feel severe stress our ability to cope with it is impairedStress can be adaptive In a fearful or stress causing situation we can run away and save our lives Stress can be maladaptive If it is prolonged chronic stress it increases our risk of illness and health problemsStress and StressorsStress is a slippery concept At times it is the stimulus missing an appointment and at other times it is a response sweating while taking a testStress is not merely a stimulus or a response It is a process by which we appraise and cope with environmental threats and challengesWhen shortlived or taken as a challenge stressors may have positive effects However if stress is threatening or prolonged it can be harmfulThe Stress Response SystemCannon proposed that the stress response fast was a fightorflight response marked by the outpouring of epinephrine and norepinephrine from theinner adrenal glands increasing heart and respiration rates mobilizing sugar and fat and dulling painGeneral Adaptation SyndromeAccording to Selye a stress response to any kind of stimulation is similar The stressed individual goes through three phasesStressful Life EventsCatastrophic Events Catastrophic events like earthquakes combat stress and floods lead individuals to become depressed sleepless and anxious Significant Life ChangesThe death of a loved one a divorce a loss of job or a promotion may leave individuals vulnerable to diseaseDaily HasslesRush hour traffic long lines job stress and becoming burntout are the most significant sources of stress and can damage healthStress and the HeartStress that leads to elevated blood pressure may result in coronary heart disease a clogging of the vessels that nourish the heart muscle Personality Types
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