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Chapter 15 - Therapies.docx

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Najwa Haddad

Chapter 15Therapies I The Psychological Therapies A Introduction2 kinds psychological and biomedical therapy with the same goal they want to help people but they have different assumptions and methodsPsychological therapies make the assumption that at the heart of psychological disorders and psychological factors therefore psychological methods must be used to deal with the problemEclectic approach some therapists specialize in one therapy and stick with it but other therapists use the eclectic approach they pick and choose from different therapies based on what works best for their patientPsychotherapy integration instead of having different types of therapy lets take all the therapies that have been scientifically documented and put them into one therapyB PsychoanalysisDeveloped by Freud one of the most brilliant minds in psychologyAssumptions if today you are having problems you are depressed it is because of unresolved conflicts from your childhood and you have urges and desires that have not been met that have been repressed and pushed into the unconsciousAim to unearth those unconscious conflicts so the person has an awareness as to why they are feeling this way and to work through those urges resolve them and start behaving in a healthier more adaptive wayMethods Free association the patient is encouraged to say the first thing that comes to their mind with no censorship Freud believed this was a great indicator for unconscious wants and desiresResistance analysis the therapist has to be super attentive during the session paying attention to everything the patient is doing or seeing talking about something than becoming silent talking about something than changing topics this is resistance the patient is consciously or unconsciously trying to block access to the topic it is the job of the therapist to confront the patient and to stay on trackDream analysis when we are asleep our defenses are down so are unconscious is more likely to make its way into our dreams but they are camouflaged by things the therapist is going to look at your symbols and analyse themTransference analysis at some point during therapy transference takes place the patient unconsciously starts feeling towards the therapist and behaves towards the therapist in ways that reflect how they feel towards a significant other for example if a patient hates his mom they will transfer the feelings and hate the therapistInterpretation at the heart of psychoanalysis the therapist is always super attentive looking for patterns and at hidden context looking at dreams and at the right time the therapist is going to step up to the plate and explain the symbols interpreting everythingPsychodynamic therapyCriticism of psychoanalysis Too lengthy and too expensiveBased on psychoanalysisShort time period and effectiveExampleo Interpersonal Therapy focuses on current relationships scientifically documents to work for many psychological disordersC Humanistic TherapiesAssumptions if you are having problems it is because your selfconcept is distorted your selfacceptance is really low or nonexistent and natural growth processes have been stunted they believe all human beings are basically good but everyone on of us is born with an innate motivation for selfactualization to reach our highest potential yet the right environment is a must in order for this to proceed properly you need to be unconditionally loved and have the freedom of choice if we are to continue growing and developing and reaching our potential when we are raised in an environment where there is a conditional love abuse or neglect according to humanistic therapists then our innate motivation is stuntedAim the goal of the therapy is to provide the right environment in order to allow the clients to develop selfawareness selfacceptance healthy selfconcept and to selfactualizeMethods see example belowClientcentered therapy Rogers o You must have unconditional positive regard for the client the therapist has to accept the client no matter what he does not have to gain your approval o Genuineness the therapist must be genuine with the client the therapist is to answer every question asked honestly o Empathic understanding the therapist has to tune into what the client is saying and step into their shoes go into their internal world no judgments
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