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Lecture

4-social perception.docx

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSY2110
Professor
Marie- Lyne Laliberte
Semester
Winter

Description
Lec4SocialPerceptionSocialCognitionSocialPerceptionBaseduponfirstimpressionsandhowareweabletodevelopanideaofwhothepersonisbasedonverylittleinformationItisbasicallytheprocessinwhichpeoplecometoknowandunderstandoneanotheroSocialcognitionontheotherhandrequiresmoreindepthanalysisIngeneraloWeformimpressionsquicklyandonthebasisoflittleinformationoPeoplepayattentiontopeopleappearanceandfacialfeaturesPeoplealsofocusonsalientfeaturestheseareverydistinctandsetsyouapartfromotheroProcessinginformationaboutpeopleinvolvesperceivingsomecoherentmeaninginthatpersonoWeorganizebycategorizingorgroupingstimulischemasoOurneedsandgoalsinfluencehowweperceiveothersWhatweareinterestedinwilldeterminewhatwepayattentiontoTerminologyofpersonperceptionoThetargetoractorThepersonwhoisbeingperceivedjudgedevaluatedoTheperceiverorobserverThepersonwhoisperceivingthetargetjudginghimorherevaluatinghimorheroAssumptionMoststudiesofpersonperceptionaredesignedasaonewayprocessforpracticalreasonsietheobserverperceivesthetargetbutinrealitytheprocessisbidirectionalSelffulfillingpropheciesDarleyFazio1980WhenaninitiallyinaccurateexpectationleadstoactionsthatcausesonexpectationtocometrueSelffulfillingpropheciesalsohasaneffectonotherpeopleoEssentiallytheprocessbywhichonesexpectationaboutapersonwilleventuallyleadthatsaidpersontobehaveinawaythatconfirmsthatexpectationTypesofschemasAswehaveselfschemaswealsohaveschemasthathelpusinteractwithourenvironmentoPersonschemasBasicallyselfschemasforotherDescribepersonalityofothersDifferentschemasforeveryoneyouknowUsuallyappliedtospecificindividualsCanalsobeappliedtopublicfiguresoGroupschemasorstereotypesAttributesandbehaviorsconsideredtypicalofmembersofaspecificgrouporsocialcategoryAppliedtoracegendersculturesnationalitiesoRoleschemasAttributesandbehaviorsconsideredtypicalofpersonsoccupyingaparticularroleinagroupBasedonwhatapersondoesandtheirrolesinsocietyThisroleisafreedecisionmadebytheindividualoOccupationscaptainofsportsteametcoEventschemasscriptsSchemasregardingimportantrecurringsocialeventsPresetnotionsaboutcertaintypesofsituationsEnablesustoanticipatethegoalsbehaviorandoutcomeslikelytooccurinaparticularsettingoAllofwhatwaslistedaboveisbasedoninformationwehaveinourheadsthatwehaveacquiredovertheyearsAlotofthisknowledgeisveryshallowandisusuallyformedbyobservingacertainpersonandacertaintimeinaspecificsituationwhosebehaviorisusedtogeneralizedlargergroupingsofpeopleResearchdoesshowthatschemasoftenproduceaccuratejudgmentshoweveritdoesprovideuswithanincompletepictureoThisdoesntmeanthatallschemasareflawedratheritisashortcutusedtomakesenseoftheworldandknowhowtoreactandbehaveincertainsituationswithspecificindividualsSchemasallowforthereductionofambiguitybyprovidingwaystointerpretanyambiguouselementsofasituationSchemasinsocialperceptionandsocialcognitionSchemasinfluencehowwetakeinandprocessinformationTheyimpactwhatwenoticewhatwestoreinmemoryandwhatwerecoverfrommemoryTheyhelpusprocessinformationfasterTheyhaveastrongereffectonsocialperceptionandcognitionwhentheyarestronganddetailedandorwhencognitiveloadishighoThemoredetailedonesschemaaretheeasieritisforonetodecidehowtointeractwithanotheranditincreasesthelikelyhoodfortheuseofsaidschemaoCognitiveloadreferstowhenoneisthinkingofsomethingelseduringasituationIfthecognitiveloadishighforsomereasononewillactivelyusetheirschemasinordertoappropriatelyinteractwithanotherpersoninsteadofreallytryingtogettoknowthemSincewearenotperfectthinkersourschemasreflectourownbiasesandvaluesImplicitpersonalitytheoryAndersonSedikides1991oAnetworkofassumptionsthatwemakeabouttherelationshipsamongtraitsandbehaviors
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