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PSY2114 (94)


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Heather Poole

What is developmentOngoingAlways forever Has components physical cognitive emotionalsocial Changesometimes improving sometimes worsening degenerating Dynamic rate changes periods of rapid growth and periods of slow growth Growth Improvements disabilities in functioningThe rate of that change is going to fluctuate during lifespan Definition change that occurs overtime in the thought and behavior and reasoning and functioning of a person Why individual experiences factors that you are exposed to Subcategories of DevelopmentPhysical development Brain development changes in perceptual and motor abilities changes in body systems and how they function oMotor tasksoSeeing thingsoHearing 2 Cognitive Development of thought processes intellectual abilities attention memory problem solving and language oAnything that is going on in terms of thoughts oAcademic skillsoDeveloping how you thinkoAbility to pay attentionoLanguage 3Emotional and Social development Changes in regulation of emotions in interpersonal skills relationship formation moral reasoning oEmotions oRelationshipsoWho they have the relationships with oMoral reasoning how do they know what is right and what is wrongCommon Breakdown of Periods of development 1Prenatal period conception to birth2Infancy and toddlerhood birth to 2 years 3Early childhood 6 to 11 years4Middle childhood 6 to 11 years 5Adolescence 11 to 20 years 6Early Adulthood7Middle Adulthood8Late adulthoodWhen does development end In a lot of developmental models development usually stops adolescence That is not a very logical processChange is continued with the rest of your lifespan It does not end until you die BUT Age is not equal to developmentAge does not cause developmentoExperience and genetics cause developmentoIn development psychology we look at agerelated changes oAge is not the same thing as developmentoIt just tells us what to expect and when to expectoAge itself does not cause development experience and maturation does everybody passes through these steps in the same order but not the same rate 1Nature vs Nurture Does nature genetics or nurture environment play a bigger role in our development What is the relative contribution of eachoWhy do individual differences existoIs it because of our genes or because of our experience naturevs nurtureoThe original question was which one plays a bigger role oComes down to the argument that you might see well it was in my genes that is why I committed the crimeFor exampleHumans are arguably the only species with language and language skills typically emerge around the same age oIndicates a genetic componentNot all humans develop language and different people develop different languagesoIndicates an environmental component oHumans language are usually between age 1 and 2
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