Class Notes (867,167)
CA (523,475)
UOttawa (34,192)
PSY (4,205)
PSY3103 (60)
Lecture 8

PSY3103 Lecture 8: Rules

3 Pages

Course Code
Catherine Plowright

This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full 3 pages of the document.

Loved by over 2.2 million students

Over 90% improved by at least one letter grade. are saying about us

Leah — University of Toronto

OneClass has been such a huge help in my studies at UofT especially since I am a transfer student. OneClass is the study buddy I never had before and definitely gives me the extra push to get from a B to an A!

Leah — University of Toronto
Saarim — University of Michigan

Balancing social life With academics can be difficult, that is why I'm so glad that OneClass is out there where I can find the top notes for all of my classes. Now I can be the all-star student I want to be.

Saarim — University of Michigan
Jenna — University of Wisconsin

As a college student living on a college budget, I love how easy it is to earn gift cards just by submitting my notes.

Jenna — University of Wisconsin
Anne — University of California

OneClass has allowed me to catch up with my most difficult course! #lifesaver

Anne — University of California
LECTURE: Rule Governed Behaviour Sometimes we do not learn things through conditioning trial and error. Like laws, survival, etc. (ie. Drinking bleach will kill you was not learned by trying it and being negatively reinforced.)A rule is a verbal description of a contingency which is maintained even if the individual has never gone thought theABC procedure. (ie.At the LCBO (anteceedent) if you are very drunk (behaviour) you will be refused service (consequence)). This was not learned through experience, but through establishing rules.An instruction indicated how we should respond to rules. Advantages to Rules: 1. It spends up learning. You can learn for yourself what is acceptable and unacceptable to a new employer, or you can ask other employees and it will come much quicker. 2. In conditioning you learn from making mistakes, in rules you learn from the mistakes of others. 3. You avoid risk or cost from trial and error conditioning 4. Language based rule-learning can significantly fast-track experience based learning. 5. Rules can provide information about how to respond to a situation long before we encounter it. Disadvantages of Rules: 1. Once a rule has been established, behaviour can be insensitive to the actual contingencies. (ie. in the case of “Stay out of a draft or you will catch a cold” the child may follow this rule even if it is ineffective. In this case, a conditioning approach to learning would have been more effective. 2. We may ignore the rule, instructions, and suggestions and learn for the actual consequences anyways. (ie. “For more information on lung cancer, keep smoking.”AD). 3. Rule-governed behaviour is often less efficientnt than behaviour that has been directly shaped by natural contingencies. 4. Some rules are not sensitive to the actual contingencies of reinforcement operating in a surprising setting. Some characteristics of rules: 1. Rules can be inaccurate 2. Rules can be inadequate 3. Rules can be content specific (ie. only looking both ways before you cross the road when your mother is around, or when the street is busy) 4. Some rules are just post-hoc explanations or justifications (ie. an intelligent sounding, but incorrect answer may be rewarded while saying “I don’t know” gets punished). 5. Rules are effective when there is a correspondence between the rule and what is performed in demonstration, the say-do correspondence in being taught rules will influence the effectiveness of the ru
More Less
Unlock Document
Subscribers Only

Only page 1 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
Subscribers Only
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document
Subscribers Only

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.