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Psychology (4,079)
PSY3103 (60)
Lecture

Historical Background.docx

4 Pages
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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSY3103
Professor
Christine Boisvert

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• Historical Background • Psych is a young science with ancient roots • Aristotle: o Study of Plato  Plato believed everything we know is born in us  With inner reflection we come to know everything we need to know  All info is already inside of us o Aristotle believed it was acquired o Learning view • Laws of association: things become connected together o 4 laws: • 1. states that events that are similar to eachother are readily associated or connected to eachother o Ex: car and truck are associated together o Easy to associate with eachother • 2. events that are opposite are also readily associated o Ex: black and white • 3. events that occur in close proximity to eachother in time or space are readily associated with  eachother o Ex: thunder and lightening o Occur close together in time o One event predicts the other event o Important to classical conditioning • 4. the more frequently the events occur together, the more strongly they become associated o The more strongly the first event will predict the next event • Descartes • Mind­body dualism: o Made up of two separate, distinct parts o Body:  Functions like a machine  Will produce involuntary behavior in response to external stimulus • Ex: dust going up your nose, you sneeze • No free­ thinking will involved  Reflexive moving o Mind:  Free will  Choose to do things • Reflex:  o Suggested we could use animals to understand the body part • British Empiricists • Joh
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