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PSY3171 (271)


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Mark Coates

01­ Abnormality What is abnormal? • None of these approches are useful on there own. Statistical approach • If its really common we wouldnt call it abnormal • Has to be rare • Problems o The cut off is subjective o Statistically speaking someone really smart is abnormal but we arent going to try and intervene and fix that Psychological Distress • Dont want to feel the way they do • Some mental disorders dont cause stress o Ex: people having a manic episode in bipolar are happy and want it to continue • Every symptom we have all felt at some point, just feeling in distress is not enough o Ex: sadness, hallucinations,etc Dysfunction • Interfering with our lives, what we want to do, what we want to get out of our lives • Sometimes its the people outside the situation that see it but not the actual person with the illness • Who is best to decide what is best for that person? o Patient needs to decide whats good for them to some degree o Try not to impose your views on the patient o Changes with a minor - take into consideration what the kid, parent, teachers, psychologist thinks • Sometimes symptoms are good and healthy o Anxiety towards school work, helps you work hard and get good grades o As long as its not tooo much anxiety • Depends on what society thinks is acceptable • Usually we make assumptions on what majority culture thinks Violation of social norms • What is abnormal can vary from city to city, culture to culture • Allows us to make exceptions o As long as society values something about you (you're really smart) they can overlook important things (like you are skitzo) • Drapetomania: mental illness by one doctor, irrational desire of slaves to be free so they escape o Creates social control o Whipping o Cut off their big toes to prevent running Abnormalities and social norms • Homosexuality used to be in the same category as murderers - 1952 • Ego-dystonic: my ego dislikes something about myself, something that causes me distress. A feeling, behaviour, thought, etc I wish I dont want. o Was voted upon to not be a reconized disorder o The distress becomes the defining feature, if it causes you distress than its a disorder - 1980 • NOS: not otherwise specifyed o Its not abnormal but if
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