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PSY3303 (32)


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University of Ottawa
Shirley Griffith

PERSONALITY – FEB 5 HUMANISTICAPPROACH 1. Psychoanalysis 2. Behaviourism 3. “Force” Humanistic a. No one knows you better than yourself – opposite of Freud, who believed people were deeply unconscious of their personality. Roots - Existential philosophy – existential psychology - Carl Rogers,Abraham Maslow CARL ROGERS  Born in the Midwest, rural community  Started with agriculture  Academic background in Columbia in Psychology  New York Child Clinic  Opposed to Freudian point of view, wanted to work against this. - Person-Centered approach  Started with people in psychotherapy, into general theory of personality.  Applied the theories into larger social issues, not just individuals. - Fully functioning people  Having a good life is a process that occurs over time continually  Direction to be sought after.  People optimally have a drive to seek out the sense of satisfaction.  Those who take part in this are ‘fully functioning people’.  Generalized actualising drive  Process of realising full potential – “Be the self one truly is.” - Enhanced functioning in three areas  Openess/Awareness  Apprehension to experience  Be in here and now in present moment  Trusting own intuition. - Believing in the self, self-concept  I or Me  Ideal self,  Self-worth  How we view ourselves might be in agreement with how we are. -  Congruence  Self-concept and experiences with self agree  Mature, developed.  Incongruence  Discrepancy  Inaccurate self-perceptions • Unrealistic or rigid beliefs about self.  Confusion and maladaptive behaviour. - Anxiety/Defenses  Subception  Slightly below awareness  Might cause anxiety if become aware, so avoid it.  Not consciously aware of it. • More like the pre-conscious • No repression - dealt with distortion and denial  Distortion  Re-imagining an experience so it doesn’t cause anxiety.  Denial  Inability to accept something that has occurred • Awareness would result in anxiety  Disorganisation  Disorganised self-concept  Result of anxiety, or effects of attempts in avoiding it. - Positive regard  Can be provided with circumstances to develop self-worth  Certain interpersonal conditions can facilitate/block development.  Conditional positive regard – conditions of worth ***  Certain conditions can only fulfilled in relationships with other humans  Universally learned need • Experiencing oneself is making a positive regard in other people’s lives.  Condition attached to the positive regard • I’ll like you if you do ____/ act this way.  Feel prized in some respect but not in others. • Affected by the “If”.  Unconditional positive regard  Communicate positive regard with no strings attached • Accepted simply for being who you are.  Always approve of what other person does in order to give them positive regard - Individual as person vs individual’s behaviour.  Eg. Parent – can love child unconditionally as person/child, but not the action they do/did.  It’s the behaviour you don’t like, but still positively regard them as an individual. - Cue sort technique  Assessment  To show that therapy is working  M
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