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4 - Organization Theory and Canadian Public Administration.doc

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Public Administration
Frank Ohemeng

1 Organization Theory and Canadian Public Administration Outline - Canadian public administration (federal level) - Canadian public administration and the influence of organization theory Questions - What has been the influence of organization theory on Canadian Public administration? - Has public administration in Canada been shaped by any specific organization theory? The Canadian Public Administration between 1867-1930 - CPA between 1867 and the early 1900s - Read the chapter by Barbara Carroll in Robert Leone and Frank Ohemeng (eds.) Approaching Public Administration: Core Debates and Emerging Issues, Toronto, Emond Montgomery Publications, 2010. The Environment and Growth of Public Administration in Canada Environmental Factors a. Geography - Canada is so large - Influences administration - Federal government’s presence must be felt all over the land - Government has to disperse/spread its organizations across Canada - Passport Office in each large city - Employees sometimes have to travel b. Technology Change - The environment where government works is affected by technological development. - The opportunities brought about as a result of these technologies involve computers, atomic energy, etc... have created problems such as unemployment, privacy issues, and the misuse of atomic energy. - The management and operations of public services have been transformed by such technological advancements. 2 c. Culture - Cultural factors have also been influential in changing the public service. - Example: the public service has been required to adapt to 3 extremely important cultural factors in Canada: 1. The constitutional guarantees of the use of English and French languages - If you can’t speak either one, you won’t be served - To get a job, you must be bilingual 2. The increasing multicultural character of Canadian society, of Canada right now - *Equity - Women 3. The large number of aboriginal people d. Demography - Rapid population growth, especially from the 1900s in Canada. - Most people moved to urban from rural areas to find jobs. - Urbanization - Brought problems to government as more people moved to urban areas: - Air and water pollution - Need for more busses, trains, and public transportation - Housing problems - To resolve these problems, it requires big government budgets, as well as close relationships between provincial, municipal, and federal government - Also resulted in expansion of government in urban areas. - Another problem is the aging factor: - In 1997, 12% were over 65 - Need for hospitals and social services - These people cannot work, they are retired - Government will have to expand public services - Increase of minorities - Expanding services - Ex: 52% women, 48% men e. Globalization - Interdependence among nation states - Finding international markets - Immigrants finding better jobs - Government working with other countries’ governments - NAFTA 3 The Growth of Canadian Public Service The Effect of the Second World War:
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