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PAP2320 (31)
Lecture 8

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Department
Public Administration
Course
PAP2320
Professor
Joshua Zaato
Semester
Winter

Description
Lecture 8 (Jan 31rst): Introduction to New Public Management What is new Public Management (NPM)?  The rise of NPM can be described as one of the most striking and influential trends and changes in PA  Despite this is that there is no universally acceptable definition of what constitutes NPM, but what is accepted is a loose term  “Its usefulness lies in its convenience as a shorthand name for the set of broader similar administrative doctrines which dominated the bureaucratic reform agenda in many OECD countries from the late 70s  NPM espouses strong feelings and reactions among its advocates and opponents o At one extreme end of the political right are advocates who argue that NPM was the antidote to the dysfunction and bureaucratic pathologies of the welfare state o At the other end of the spectrum, left wingers stresses that the NPM is a slippery road to dismantling a century’s worth of building a distinctive public service cultured and ethical Why the NPM and why now?  Theoretically and administratively, the rise of the NPM can be linked to what Hood (1991) refers to as the four administrative megatrends Being: o Attempts to slow down or reverse gov’t growth in terms of over public spending and staffing  In other words, the NPM emerged to ‘shrink the size of the state’ o The shift towards privatization and quasi privatization and away from core gov’t institutions  The NPM attempts to reduce the sole impact of bureaucrats in the policymaking and implementation process o The rise and prominence of ICTs and globalizations  The NPM seeks to maximise the benefits that these two forces have in store for PA o The emergence of what can be described as the ‘internationalization of PA’  Policy learning best practices and international conventions have increased the appeal of NPM Doctrinal components of NPM (important slide #4) Reinventing gov’t (important slide #5) Has Canada adopted the NPM?  The NPM has become a major PA model and all major developed countries around the world have implemented various aspects of it  In NZ, Autralia, the UK, and the US the NPM has been fully or partially adopted or implemented o NZ and Australia are considered the most radical adopters of the NPM  Our objective is to examine whether Canada, just like most OECD countries, has adopted and implemented the NPM  If so, we seek to find out what impact the NPM has had on PA in Canada over the past 20 years Changes in the Canadian Machinery of Government: NPM style  In theory, NPM change in structures of the government involved o Departmental restructuring and creation of service delivery agencies o Decentralization of authority and separation of policy and service delivery functions (loafer 1997)  In Canada, the major federal restricting in 1993 by Campbell and Mulrooney gov’t amalgamated departments and reduced the size of cabinet  New Brunswick, Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, and Ontario also reorganized structure and downsized cabinets o The Common Sense Revolution in Ontario under the Harris gov’t saw a lot of HPM reforms  The gov’t of Canada has also introduced a number of service agents – special operation agencies (SOAs) and alternative delivery agencies (ASD) o Service Canada Decentralization of Public Service Delivery  Besides arm’s length delivery through service agencies, decentralization includes the devolution of responsibilities to other levels of gov’t  The federal gov’t devolved responsibilities to provinces through the Canada Labour Market Development Agreements (LMDA)  Under LMDAs the federal government retained responsibility for employment insurance while devolving responsibility and funding for training and employment programmes to the provinces  Provinces in turn devolved responsibilities to municipalities o Sask, and Alberta created regional health authorities, responsible for all aspects of health in their regions, including allocation of funding o Ontario realigned local responsibilities, making municipalities responsible for welfare funding Separation of Policy and Service Delivery Functions  The separation of policy and service delivery functions of government is a major demand and policy expectation of the NPM  In Canada, the government has gone through 2 phases in its attempt to separate the policy and service delivery functions o Under Conservative gov’ts, most policy units in the gov’t were reduced in size, and policy direction came directly from Cabinet and minister’s offices o On the
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