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PAP 3310 notes1.docx

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Public Administration
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Monica Gattinger

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PAP 3310Sept 10 2012Week2What is Research Research is a systematic search for answers to questions using a clearly specified process for gathering and analyzing data It is empirical meaning that information is derived from experiment observation or experience Johnson p8o If you dont have a definition of research then everything can seem like a researcho It answers questions what you are trying to find out Research is always informed by a question and its always challenging to find out just the question Its important to get the question righto Many methods to answering the questions And to figure out the process they use to gather the answers Importanceand Particularities of Research in Public AdministrationImportance of research in public admin class discussion ParticularitiesNature of the issues Wicked problems controversial issuesNature of the context political research only one input to decisions Nature of the research often based on social science research tradeoffs have to be made between quality and costrole of assumptionso why is research important the importance of research isit is fundamental decisions that is affecting lots of ppl policy decisions and individual programs These decisions are made by research Affecting large numbers of people environment decisions governments make have consequences they have to be informed by research Given the importance of these decisions o Wicked problems very complex multiple dimensions has so many situations Energy challenge is an example of wicked problems it has lots of issues lights power oil natural gas o Nature of issues many issues are wicked problems they are extraordinarily complex its not obvious to figure out causal relationshipsex student loans what is the best repayment schedule Energy issues many competing objectives all research studies have flaws the issues are controversial o Nature of context The context is political authoritative allocation of values Whos values are pursued Informed by values beliefs etc Its political and research is only one input to decisions its made for a variety of reasons o All research studies have flaws o Politics is about values when it comes to energyits no different o Nature of research social science research based Because we are dealing with humans people and social concepts Its a social science researchthere can be multiple answers and alot of uncertainty and challenges undertaking and evaluating research Trade off have to be made between quality and cost its not cheap costs a lot Made on the basis of imperfect information o Role of assumption assumptions biases values opinions we are going to be bias when it comes to evaluating research or designing a research study or creating a research question o In social sciences there can be many answerso Research is not cheap costs a lot of money rdo What do we still need to know 3 reflex Theres always things and answers we need to find o Values beliefs we are always going to be bias when it comes to making a researchyou need to have an open mindExperience religion and values will affect your evaluations so u need to minimize this to try to be fair and open minded Types of Research and the Research Process Types of ResearchScholarly versus Applied o Scholarlybuilding theorieso Appliedproblems driven What do we do about it Answers the problem Ppl are more interested to the applied researcho We are going to be doing more applied research Qualitative versus Quantitative o Qualitative exploratory detailed Telling the story context descriptive o Quantitative numbers larger studies gathering data o Both in conjunction makes the best researchThe Research ProcessJohnson p9Iterative process with three phasesPlanning o What is the state of knowledge What do we need to know for this research Coming up with the research question Planning stage in the most important getting the research question right because you dont want to screw up the whole research Doing o Methods processReporting o Informing the policy decisions Briefing note Which Phase is the Most ImportantPlanning In the beginning is the research question getting it right and planning properly Its the blue print for your study Reporting is very important as well its going to be what informing the policy decisionsChallenges and Threats to Research in Public AdminAre policy decisions based on research or are they based on ideology intuition experience will of the majority etco Multiple inputs in policy decisionsIs there enough funding for research A Closer Look at the Death of Evidence RallyDeath of evidence rally when the mps were here scientists got to get to argue that they are moving away from research not funding enough There have been cus to scientific and social scientific research statistics Canada they made the long form census voluntary no longer mandatory This would be a problem because when you send it representatively You make sure u have representative simply if its not mandatory you lose confidence in the results Cutting funds to research that arent in government political agendapolicy The claim is that they are trying to hide the evidence they dont want Sept 13 20120913The Canadian Energy Challenge Canadas Energy Context In a nutshell Canada isEnergy rich Hot and cold Large and small
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