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Lecture 8

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Department
Religious Studies
Course
SRS2112
Professor
e
Semester
Fall

Description
Features of “Common Judaism” o Monotheism o Covental Nomism o The Temple and the Synagogues o Sacrifice and Liturgy of the World Monotheism o Concept of the One God o According to Josephus, only Moses had commited a whole people to his faith o Ethical Monotheism “Our lawgiver showed that God possesses virtue in purity and thought that people  should strive to participate in it” (ant. 1,23) Convental Nomism o Special relationship between the One God and Israel o Nomism: Ethical or religious basing of conduct on the observance of moral law o Fundamental Covenental Acts: o Call of Abraham (ca. 2000­1550 BCE) o The Exodus (ca. 1280 BCE) o Handing down of the law on Sinai Torah in Relation to Covenant o Comprises: a. Both demands on people and prescriptions for the preservation of the convenant in the face of  transgressions (atonement, conversion, mercy of god) b. Both cultic and ethical commandments The Temple and the Synagogues o Temple based religion until 70 CE (destruction)  Temple       ­God allows worship only in one place (Jerusalem)       ­God is worshipped in an temple without an image  Synagogues       ­Private rooms given for community use       ­Place for teaching, studying and praying Phoenician Temple ­The original temple in Jerusalem is an Phoenician temple Temple Mount Western/Wailing Wall: Women not allowed anywhere near the wall or else arrested E.g. Sarah  Silverman Sacrifice and Liturgy of the Word o Performative aspects of religious observance o Animal sacri
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