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Lecture

Class 5. Leviathan.docx


Department
Social Sciences
Course Code
SCS 1160
Professor
Jordan Stancil

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Leviathan
Laws of Nature:
- We never give up this right of nature, can never go against this right of nature
- The liberty that every man has to use his own power or his own preservation
that is the laws of nature. The right to do whatever you need to do or think
you need to do in order to stay alive
- Consequently from this right of nature you can do anything you want in your
own judgment and reason
- If you have the right to the goal, then you have the right to achieve the means
of the goal
- A law of nature is a general rule we discover by reason. Natural law is the
part of gods law that we can understand, there are other parts we cannot
understand, but god has given us the rational capacity to figure out the laws
of nature
- Your forbidden by nature to do anything that will destroy your life or omit
doing anything by which you think will preserve your life
- Being in the state of nature, is not the best, so Hobbes argues from the law of
nature, he concludes the fundamental law of nature: to seek peace, find the
means to seek peace and act on them to get out of the state of war. If we
cannot do that, then we have the right to revert to the right of nature, which
is self-defense, and do whatever it takes to survive.
- Do unto other as you would have them do unto you
- We follow the laws of nature because we want other people to follow them as
well. It is to ensure our own safety.
- Hobbes say the laws of nature bound you to desire that the laws of nature to
be respected
- We are only supposed to have the will and the desire to follow, only the
intention. It is not an injustice if you don’t follow it.
- The way out is to trust each others work, to create and set up an authority
over us all that will enforce
- The final cause or goal of mankind when people go against their natural love
of liberty is self-preservation. Our love for having power over others must be
restrained in order to achieve the laws of nature, otherwise the miserable
conditions of war would be consequent
- The laws of nature are actually contrary to our natural passions, unless there
is some terror
- You have done all you need to do as long as you have kept the laws of nature
- We only have to respect the laws if there is a powerful authority overlooking
everyone whom enforces the law for you
- If there is no authority then everything resorts back to your own survival
- How big does a community need to be? (Called a multitude) A community has
to be big enough by comparison with the enemy we fear. Must be big enough
to look powerful so the enemy will not attack.
- Discussion of animals in Ch. 17: people have to live like this, must live
together subjective to authority, why don’t bees and ants have to have this
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