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SCS1150 (60)
Lecture 5

SCS-1150 Lecture 5.docx

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Social Sciences
Ari E.Gandsman

HOW A MAJOR HIERARCHY EMERGED HISTORICALLY Major divisions between human rights today are a product of the Cold War Western Democracies stressed universality of civil and political rights While Communist Bloc favoured economics and social rights 12:40 sept 27 appointment for scs1150 LARGER PHILOSOPHICAL QUESTIONS ABOUT HUMAN RIGHTS Who is the holder of rights? Are human rights inherently Western? Emphasis on the individual over the group – individual is a social unit Accusation: West’s attempt to apply universal standards of human rights in developing countries is a form of cultural imperialism and an effort to obstruct their development Cultural Relativism – community is basic social unit (against individualism, freedom of choice, or equality) WHAT MAKES HUMAN RIGHTS REVOLUTIONARY? Universality Human rights law contradicts the doctrine of national sovereignty National Sovereignty – states can do as they please within their own borders Sovereignty is limited Traditional view: rights are a matter of national sovereignty – right of a nation to self- determination – belief that human rights should be internal affairs Enforcement gap – universality of human rights not matched by universal international defense Challenge – the particularism of nation-states and the principle of inviolability of their bor
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