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Class 3. Theories & Paradigms.docx

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Social Sciences
Stephanie Mullen

Theories & Paradigms in Research Methodology Theories Reflected in Steps in the Scientific Method **Much more detail next lecture but here is a quick overview ** • 1. Identify the problem. [lit. review & causal model] • 2. Hypothesize the cause of the problem. [H1 & H0] • 3. Provide clear definitions of the concepts [variables]. • 4. Operationalize the concepts [indicators]. • 5. Gather empirical data. • 6. Test the hypothesis or hypotheses. • 7. Reflect back on theory. • 8. Publicize the results. • 9. Replicate the results. Qualitative Research Methods • Interviews, • Observation, • Case Study • Content Analysis • Etc. Quantitative Research Methods • Experimental Research, • Survey Research • Etc. Objectives • Know how Theories influence Research (Don’t need to know the details of each theory!) • Learn how the person & field can influence Theory • Know how Theories can influence every step of research - from the choice of research method to where to publish the findings. Classical Paradigms Their Influence in Choice of Research Methods • Underlying different theories are paradigms, which are fundamental models or frames of reference we use to organize our observations and reasoning. • Each makes assumptions about the nature of social reality. • Each paradigm suggest different kin
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